(Food Safety and Standards Authority of India)
New Delhi, dated the 1st August, 2011
F.No. 2-15015/30/2010 Whereas in exercise of the powers conferred by clause (o) of sub section (2) of section 92 read with
section 31 of Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 (34 of 2006) the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India
proposes to make Food Safety and Standards Regulations in so far as they relates to Food Safety and Standards(Licensing
and Registration of Food Businesses) Regulations, 2011, and;
Whereas these draft Regulations were published in consolidated form at pages 1 to 776 in the Gazette of India
Extraordinary Part III – Sec. 4 dated 20th October 2010 inviting objections and suggestions from all persons likely to be
affected thereby before the expiry of the period of thirty days from the date on which the copies of the Gazette containing
the said notification were made available to the public;
And whereas the copies of the Gazette were made available to the public on the 21st October 2010;
And whereas objections and suggestions received from the stakeholders within the specified period on the said
draft Regulations have been considered and finalized by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India.
Now therefore, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India hereby makes the following Regulations, namely,-
FOOD SAFETY AND STANDARDS (LICENSING AND REGISTRATION OF FOOD BUSINESSES),
1.1: Short title and commencement-
1.1.1: These regulations may be called the Food Safety and Standards (Licensing and Registration of Food Businesses)
1.1.2: These regulations shall come into force on or after 5th August, 2011
1.2.1: In these regulations unless the context otherwise requires:
1. “Central Licensing Authority” means Designated Officer appointed by the Chief Executive Officer of the
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India in his capacity of Food Safety Commissioner.
2. “District” means a revenue district in state and UTs provided that the Commisioner of Food Safety may, for
the purpose of this Act declare any local area as a district on the basis of:
Concentration of specific category of food businesses which may need special attention.
Risk assessment carried out by the Authority from time to time.
Any other specific regulatory requirements.
3. “Licensing Authority” means the Designated Officer appointed under section 36 (i) of the Act by the
Commissioner of Food Safety of the state or by the Chief Executive Officer of the Food Safety and Standards
Authority of India in his capacity of Food Safety Commissioner ;
4. “Petty Food Manufacturer” means any food manufacturer, who
(a) manufactures or sells any article of food himself or a petty retailer, hawker, itinerant vendor or
temporary stall holder; or distributes foods including in any religious or social gathering except a caterer;
66 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
(b) such other food businesses including small scale or cottage or such other industries relating to food
business or tiny food businesses with an annual turnover not exceeding Rs 12 lakhs and/or whose
(i) production capacity of food (other than milk and milk products and meat and meat products)
does not exceed 100 kg/ltr per day or
(ii) procurement or handling and collection of milk is up to 500 litres of milk per day or
(iii) slaughtering capacity is 2 large animals or 10 small animals or 50 poultry birds per day or less.
5. Registering Authority” means Designated Officer/ Food Safety Officer or any official in Panchayat, Municipal
Corporation or any other local body or Panchayat in an area, notified as such by the State Food Safety Commissioner
for the purpose of registration as specified in these Regulations.
6. “State Licensing Authority” means Designated Officers appointed under Section 36(1) of the Act by the
Food Safety Commissioner of a State or UT.
The expressions used in these Regulations but have not been defined herein shall have the meaning ascribed
to them in the Act or as provided in the regulations, chapters and Appendices.
LICENSING AND REGISTRATION OF FOOD BUSINESS
2. 1 Registration and Licensing of Food Business
All Food Business Operators in the country will be registered or licensed in accordance with the procedures laid
2.1.1 Registration of Petty Food Business
(1) Every petty Food Business Operator shall register themselves with the Registering Authority by submitting
an application for registration in Form A under Schedule 2 of these Regulations along with a fee as provided in
(2) The petty food manufacturer shall follow the basic hygiene and safety requirements provided in Part I of
Schedule 4 of these Regulations and provide a self attested declaration of adherence to these requirements with the
application in the format provided in Annexure-1 under Schedule 2.
(3) The Registering Authority shall consider the application and may either grant registration or reject it with
reasons to be recorded in writing or issue notice for inspection, within 7 days of receipt of an application for
(4) In the event of an inspection being ordered, the registration shall be granted by the Registering Authority
after being satisfied with the safety, hygiene and sanitary conditions of the premises as contained in Part II of
Schedule 4 within a period of 30 days.
If registration is not granted, or denied, or inspection not ordered within 7 days as provided in above sub
regulation (3) or no decision is communicated within 30 days as provided in above sub regulation (4), the petty food
manufacturer may start its business, provided that it will be incumbent on the Food Business Operator to comply
with any improvement suggested by the Registering Authority even later.
Provided that registration shall not be refused without giving the applicant an opportunity of being heard and
for reasons to be recorded in writing.
(5) The Registering Authority shall issue a registration certificate and a photo identity card, which shall be
displayed at a prominent place at all times within the premises or vehicle or cart or any other place where the person
carries on sale/manufacture of food in case of Petty Food Business.
(6) The Registering Authority or any officer or agency specifically authorized for this purpose shall carry out
food safety inspection of the registered establishments at least once in a year.
Provided that a producer of milk who is a registered member of a dairy Cooperative Society registered under
Cooperative Societies Act and supplies or sells the entire milk to the Society shall be exempted from this provision
¹Hkkx III—[k.M 4º Hkkjr dk jkti=k % vlk/kj.k 67
2.1.2 License for food business
(1) Subject to Regulation 2.1.1, no person shall commence any food business unless he possesses a valid license.
Provided that any person or Food Business Operator carrying on food business on the date of notification of
these Regulations, under a license, registration or permission, as the case may be, under the Acts or Orders
mentioned in the Second Schedule of the Act shall get their existing license converted into the license/registration
under these regulations by making an application to the Licensing/Registering Authority after complying with the
safety requirements mentioned in the Schedule 4 contained under different Parts dependent on nature of business,
within one year of notification of these Regulations. In case of difficulty, the licensing authority with the approval
of the Food Safety Commissioner in the State will determine the advisability of applying any specific condition
keeping in view the need to ensure safety of food and public interest. No license fee will have to be paid for the
remaining period of the validity of the earlier license or registration granted under any of the said Acts or Orders.
Non-compliance with this provision by a Food Business Operator will attract penalty under section 55 of the Act.
Provided further that any food business operator holding Registration/License under any other Act/Order as
specified under schedule 2 of the FSS Act, 2006 with no specific validity or expiry date, and other wise entitled to
obtain a license under these regulations, shall have to apply and obtain a Registration/License under these
Regulations within one year from the date of notification by paying the applicable fees.
(2) Notwithstanding the provisions contained in Regulation 2.1.2(1) above or in any of the registration or
license certificates issued under existing Acts or Orders mentioned in the second schedule of the Act, the Licensing
Authority, if it has reason to believe that the Food Business Operator has failed to comply with all or any of the
conditions of the existing registration or license or the safety requirements given in Schedule 4, may give appropriate
direction to the Food Business Operator to comply with.
(3) License for commencing or carrying on food business, which falls under Schedule 1, shall be granted by
the Central Licensing Authority, provided that Food Authority may through notification make such changes or
modify the list given in the Schedule I as considered necessary.
(4) License for commencing or carrying on food business, which are not covered under Schedule 1, shall be
granted by the concerned State/UT’s Licensing Authority.
(5) The Food Business Operator shall ensure that all conditions of license as provided in Annexure 2 of Form
B in Schedule 2 and safety, sanitary and hygienic requirements provided in the Schedule 4 contained under different
Parts depending on nature of business are complied with at all times .
Provided that the Licensing Authority shall ensure periodical food safety audit and inspection of the licensed
establishments through its own or agencies authorized for this purpose by the FSSAI.
Provided further that no person shall manufacture, import, sell, stock, exhibit for distribution or sale any article
of food which has been subjected to the treatment of irradiation, except under a license obtained from Department
of Atomic Energy under the Atomic Energy (Control of Irradiation of Food) Regulations, 1996.
2.1.3 Application for license to the Licensing Authority
An application for the grant of a license shall be made in Form B of Schedule 2 to the concerned Licensing
Authority as specified in Regulation 2.1.2 (3) and 2.1.2 (4) and it will be accompanied by a self-attested declaration
in the format provided in the Annexure-1 and copies of documents mentioned in the Annexure 2 of Schedule-2 along
with the applicable fees prescribed in Schedule 3.
2.1.4 Processing of Application for license
(1) A license shall, subject to the provisions of these Regulations, be issued by the concerned Licensing
Authority within a period of 60 days from the date of issue of an application ID number as provided in subsection
(2) If, upon scrutiny of the application within 15 days from the date of receipt of the application, the concerned
Licensing Authority requires any additional information with respect to an application or if the application is
incomplete, the Licensing Authority shall inform the applicant in writing, to furnish such additional information or
complete the application, as the case may be, within 30 days from such notice. In case the applicant fails to furnish
the required information within the stipulated time of 30 days, the application for license shall stand rejected.
68 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
(3) On the receipt of a complete application including the additional information if asked for, the Licensing
Authority shall issue an Application ID number to each applicant that will be referred to in all future correspondence
between the Licensing Authority and the applicant.
(4) After the issue of Application ID number the Licensing Authority may direct the Food Safety Officer or any
other person or agency specially designated for such functions to inspect the premises in the manner prescribed by
the Food Safety and Standard Authority of India in accordance with these Regulations. Such Inspecting Officer or
person may issue a notice to the applicant, if it deems fit, guiding food business operator on necessary steps to be
taken or changes or alteration to be made in the premises in order to ensure general sanitary and hygienic conditions
as specified in Schedule 4. The applicant shall carry out the required steps, changes or alterations and intimate the
Licensing Authority within 30 days or such period as may be allowed by the Licensing Authority.
(5) Within a period of 30 days from receipt of an inspection report excluding the time taken by the applicant in
complying with the advice, if any, given in the inspection report and verification thereof, the concerned Licensing
Authority shall consider the application and may either grant license or reject the application.
Provided that before refusing license an applicant shall be given an opportunity of being heard and the
reasons for refusal shall be recorded in writing.
(6) The Licensing Authority shall issue a License in Format C under Schedule 2 of these Regulations, a true
copy of which shall be displayed at a prominent place at all times within the premises where the Food Business
Operator carries on the food business.
2.1.5 Procedure for License in certain local areas
(1) A single license may be issued by the Licensing Authority for one or more articles of food and also for
different establishments or premises in the same local area including collection and chilling units run by milk
cooperatives or its members.
(2) The Chief Executive Officer of the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India in the capacity of Food
Safety Commissioner may appoint a Designated Officer or Food Safety Officer for Central Government organizations
like Railways, Defense etc., which have a large number of food establishments, to ensure food safety in those
establishments and to ensure that all other conditions laid down for running food business under the Act and these
Regulations are complied with. Provided further that the Food Authority may carry out food safety audit of these
establishments once in a year through its own or accredited agencies.
2.1.6 Commencement of Business
An applicant may commence his food business and the concerned licensing Authority shall not deny the
applicant to commence such business if, from the date of making the completed application, a license is not issued
within 60 days or the applicant has not received any intimation of inadequacy under Regulation 2.1.4(2) or inspection
report indicating defects from the concerned Licensing Authority under Regulation 2.1.4(4)
2.1.7 Validity and Renewal of Registration and License
(1) A Registration or license granted under these Regulations shall be valid and subsisting, unless otherwise
specified, for a period of 1 to 5 years as chosen by the Food Business Operator, from the date of issue of registration
or license subject to remittance of fee applicable for the period and compliance with all conditions of license.
(2) Any application for the renewal of a registration or license granted under these Regulations shall be made
in Form A or B of Schedule 2, as the case may be, not later than 30 days prior to the expiry date indicated in the
(3) The Registration or License shall continue to be in force till such time that the orders are passed on the
renewal application which in no case shall be beyond 30 days from the date of expiry of registration or license.
(4) Any renewal application filed beyond the period mentioned under Regulation 2.1.7 (2) above but before the
expiry date, shall be accompanied by a late fee of Rs 100 per day for each day of delay.
(5) Any Registration or license for which renewal has not been applied for within the period mentioned in
Regulation 2.1.7 (2) or 2.1.7 (4) above shall expire and the Food Business Operator shall stop all business activity at
the premises. The Food Business Operator will have to apply for fresh Registration or license as provided in
Regulation 2.1.1 and 2.1.3 as the case may be, if it wants to restart the business.
¹Hkkx III—[k.M 4º Hkkjr dk jkti=k % vlk/kj.k 69
(6) Food Business Operator having valid certificate of an accredited food safety auditor or from an agency
accredited by Food Authority or any other organisation notified by food Authority for this purpose will not be
normally required to be inspected before renewal of license.
Provided that Designated Officer may order an inspection before renewal if considered necessary for reasons
to be recorded in writing.
2.1.8 Suspension or cancellation of Registration Certificate or license
(1) The Registering or Licensing Authority in accordance with the provisions of section 32 of the Act may,
after giving the concerned Food Business Operator a reasonable opportunity of being heard, suspend any registration
or license in respect of all or any of the activities for which the registration/license has been granted under these
Regulations after recording a brief statement of the reasons for such suspension, if there is reason to believe that
the Food Business Operator has failed to comply with the conditions within the period mentioned in any Improvement
Notice served under Section 32 of the Act. A copy of such statement shall be furnished to the concerned Food
Business Operator whose Registration or license has been suspended.
(2) The registering or Licensing Authority, as the case may be, may direct an inspection of the Food Business
Operator’s premise(s) within a reasonable period which shall not be less than 14 days from the date of order of
(3) In the event that the Registering or Licensing Authority is of the opinion, on a review of the inspection
report, that the Food Business Operator has still failed to rectify the defects or omissions or comply with the
conditions of the improvement notice causing the suspension, such authority may cancel the license/registration of
the Food Business Operator after giving him an opportunity to show cause as provided under Section 32 (3) of the
(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in these Regulations, the Registering or Licensing Authority may
suspend or cancel any registration or license forthwith in the interest of public health for reasons to be recorded in
(5) A suspension or cancellation of registration or license under these Regulations shall not entitle the Food
Business Operator for any compensation or refund of fee(s) paid in respect of the registration certificate or license
or renewal thereof.
(6) After a period of 3 months from the date of cancellation under Regulation 2.1.8 (3) above the Food Business
Operator may make fresh application for Registration or license to the concerned authority if all observations made
in the improvement notice have been complied with. .
2.1.9 Modifications, Expansion or Changes in premise(s) after grant of license or registration
(1) Food Business Operators shall ensure that the Registering or Licensing Authority always has up-to-date
information on their food business establishments and shall inform the relevant Authority of any modifications or
additions or changes in product category, layout, expansion, closure, or any other material information based on
which the license was granted and such information shall be conveyed before the changes occur.
Provided that any change that alters the information contained in the license certificate shall require an
approval or endorsement in license prior to start of business with such changes. The Food Business Operator shall
submit the original license to the Licensing Authority along with a fee equivalent to one year license fee for effecting
necessary changes. The licensing Authority may approve and issue an amended license incorporating such changes
in activities within 30 days from the date of receipt of such information. While approving the afore mentioned
changes the concerned registering or Licensing Authority shall take into account the feasibility of carrying on the
business and the legal and other relevant aspects of the desired modifications or additions or changes in activities
and, if required, may order an inspection of the premises before granting the approval.
2.1.10 Mode of payment:
All fees and charges payable under these regulations shall be paid vide pay order or demand draft or any online
mode of payment as may be prescribed in this regard, by the concerned Food Safety Commissioner.
2.1.11 Transfer of registration certificate or License in case of death
(1) In the event of death of the holder of a Registration certificate or license, such certificate or license shall
subsist for the benefit of the legal representative or any family member of the deceased or until the expiry of:—
70 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
(a) the period of 90 days from the date of death of the holder of a Registration certificate or license; or
(b) such longer period as the Designated Officer may allow, for reasons to be recorded in writing.
(2) The legal representative or family member of the deceased holder of the registration certificate
or license shall apply to the concerned Authority for transfer of such certificate or license in his favour.
(3) The registering or Licensing Authority, as the case may be, may, after making such enquiry as
it may deem fit, either approve the transfer of the Registration certificate or license if satisfied that the
applicant is the legal representative, or refuse the request. Provided that the registering or licensing
authority shall not refuse the request without giving the applicant an opportunity of being heard and
for reasons to be recorded in writing.
(4) Upon filing of application for transfer and pending the decision of the authority, the registration
or license shall continue to be in force.
(1) A Food Business Operator aggrieved by an order of the Registering Authority or Licensing Authority, as
the case may be, under these Regulations may prefer an appeal to the concerned Designated Officer or the Food
Safety Commissioner, as per provisions laid down under Section 31(8) and 32 (4) - (5) of the Act.
(1) Every licensee shall on or before 31st May of each year, submit a return electronically or in physical form
as may be prescribed by the concerned Food Safety Commissioner, in ‘Form D-1’ provided in Schedule 2 of these
Regulations to the Licensing Authority in respect of each class of food products handled by him during the
previous financial year.
Provided however that every licensee engaged in manufacturing of milk and/or milk products shall file half
yearly returns for the periods 1st April to 30th September and 1st October to 31st March of every financial year in the
form D-2, as provided in Schedule-2 of these regulations. Such returns will be filed within a month from the end of
(2) A separate return shall be filed for every license issued under the Regulations, irrespective of whether the
same Food Business Operator holds more than one license.
(3) Any delay in filing return beyond 31st May of each year shall attract a penalty of Rs 100 per day of delay.
2.1.14 Food Business Operator to be bound by directions or order
(1) Every Food Business Operator to whom any direction or order is issued in pursuance of any provisions of
this regulation shall be bound to comply with such directions or regulation and any failure on the part of the Food
Business Operator to comply with such direction or order shall be deemed to be contravention of the provisions of
these Regulations and will attract legal action under the provisions of the Act.
(2) Guarantee Every manufacturer, distributor or dealer selling an article of food to a vendor shall give either
separately or in the bill, cash memo, or label a warranty in Form E. (Refer Form A for form of Guarantee)
2.1.15 Power of State/UT governments to constitute advisory committee
The state/UT Governments, may, if required designate an existing advisory committee at panchayat/district/
state level or where such a committee does not exist, constitute an advisory committee to assist, aid or advise on
any matter concerning food safety.
2.1.16: Jurisdiction of Designated officer
The Commissioner of Food Safety shall, by an order, appoint the Designated officer, who shall not be below
the rank of a Sub- Divisional Officer, to be in-charge of food safety administration for each district as defined under
regulation 1.2.1 (2)
¹Hkkx III—[k.M 4º Hkkjr dk jkti=k % vlk/kj.k 71
[See Regulation 2.1.2 (3)]
List of food business falling under the purview of Central Licensing Authority
I. Dairy units including milk chilling units equipped to handle or process more than 50,000 litres of liquid milk/day or
2500 MT of milk solid per annum.
II. Vegetable oil processing units and units producing vegetable oil by the process of solvent extraction and refineries
including oil expeller unit having installed capacity more than 2 MT per day.
III. All slaughter houses equipped to slaughter more than 50 large animals or 150 or more small animals including sheep
and goats or 1000 or more poultry birds per day.
IV. Meat processing units equipped to handle or process more than 500 kg of meat per day or 150 MT per annum.
V. All food processing units other than mentioned under (I) to (IV) including relabellers and repackers having installed
capacity more than 2 MT/day except grains, cereals and pulses milling units.
VI. 100 % Export Oriented Units.
VII. All Importers importing food items including food ingredients and additives for commercial use.
VIII. All food business operators manufacturing any article of food containing ingredients or substances or using
technologies or processes or combination thereof whose safety has not been established through these regulations
or which do not have a history of safe use or food containing ingredients which are being introduced for the first
time into the country.
IX. Food Business Operator operating in two or more states.
X. Food catering services in establishments and units under Central government Agencies like Railways, Air and
airport, Seaport, Defence etc.
72 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
[See Regulation 2.1.1 and Regulation 2.1.7]
Application for Registration / Renewal of Registration under Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006
Kind of business:
Permanent/Temporary Stall holder
Hawker (Itinerant / Mobile food vendor))
Home based canteens/dabba wallas
Petty Retailer of snacks/tea shops
Food stalls/arrangements in Religious gatherings, fairs etc
Milk producers (who are not member of dairy co operative society)/ milk vendor
Other(s), please specify:________
(a) Name of the Applicant/Company: _______________________________________________________________
Secretary of dairy co-operative society.
Others (Please specify)
(c) Proof of Identity of applicant: __________________________________________________________________
[Note: Please submit a copy of photo ID like Driving License, Passport, Ration Card or Election ID card]
(d) Correspondence address: _____________________________________________________________________
Tel No:____________Mobile No.:____________
[Note: In case the number(s) are a PP or common number(s), please specify the name of the contact person as well]
(e) Area or Location where food business is to be conducted/Address of the premises: ______________________
(f) Description of the food items proposed to be Manufactured or sold:
S.No. Name of Food category Quantity in Kg per day or M.T. per annum
Please attach separate sheet if required
¹Hkkx III—[k.M 4º Hkkjr dk jkti=k % vlk/kj.k 73
(g) Total Annual turnover from the food business, if existing, alongwith any supporting document(s) showing proof of
income (*In case of renewal): __________________________________________________________________
(h) In case of new business - intended date of start: ___________________________________________________
(i) In case of seasonal business, state the opening and closing period of the year:_______
(j) Source of water supply:
Public supply Private supply Any other source
(k) Whether any electric power is used in manufacture of the food items:
If yes, please state the exact HP used or sanctioned Electricity load: ___________________________________
(l) I/We have forwarded a sum of Rs………towards registration fees according to the provision of the Food Safety and
Standards (Licensing and Registration) Regulations, 2011 vide:
Demand Draft no. (payable to ____________________)
(Signature of the Applicant)
[See Regulation 2.1.2, Regulation 2.1.3 and Regulation2.1.7]
Application for License / Renewal of license under Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006
Kind of business (Please tick more than one, if applicable):
Manufacturing/Processing including sorting, grading etc.
Solvent extracting unit
Solvent extracting plant equipped with pre cleaning of oil seeds or pre expelling of oil.
Solvent extracting and oil refining plant.
Relabeling (manufactured by third party under own packing and labeling)
Transporter of food
Dhabha or any other food vending establishment
Other(s), please specify:_____________________
74 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
1. Name of the Company/Organization: ____________________________________________________________
2. Registered Office Address: ____________________________________________________________________
3. Address of Premise for which license is being applied ______________________________________________
4. Name and/or designation, qualification and address of technically qualified person in charge of operations as
required under Regulation …..
Photo Identity card no and expiry date
5. Name and/or designation, address and contact details of person responsible for complying with conditions of
license (if different from 4 Above):
Photo Identity card no and expiry date
6. Correspondence address (if different from 3 above)
7. TelNo.:____________ Mobile No.:______________
Fax No:_______________ Email:___________________
8. Food items proposed to be manufactured:
S.No. Name of Food Item Quantity in Kg per day or M.T. per annum
If required attach separate sheet
If already having valid license- mention annual quantity of each food category manufactured during last three years
9. Installed Capacity food product wise (per day)_____________________________________
10. For Dairy units
(i) Location and installed capacity of Milk Chilling Centers (MCC) / Bulk Milk Cooling Centers (BMCs)/ Milk
Processing Unit/ Milk Packaging Unit in litres owned or managed by the applicant.
S.No. Name of Food Item Quantity in Kg per day or M.T. per annum
¹Hkkx III—[k.M 4º Hkkjr dk jkti=k % vlk/kj.k 75
If required attach separate sheet
(ii) Average Quantity of milk per day to be used/handled in
a. in lean season___________________________
b. in flush season__________________________
(iii) Milk products to be manufactured and their manufacturing capacity (tones/year)
11. For Solvent -Extracted Oil, De oiled meal and Edible Flour:
(i) Details of proposed business
Name of From Solvent -Extracted Oil, De oiled meal and Edible Flour Vegetable Oil
Oil bearing seed
material or nut or
Crude Neutralized Neutralized Refined De oiled Edible Flour
& Bleached meal
If already having valid license- mention annual quantity of each product manufactured during last three years
ii) Name and address of factory or factories used by the miller or solvent extractor for processing oil bearing
material produced or procured by him or for refining solvent extracted Oil produced by him.
12. Sanctioned electricity load or HP to be used _________________________________
13. Whether unit is equipped with an analytical laboratory ______________________________
If yes the details thereof:_______________________________________________________
14. In case of renewal or transfer of license granted under other laws as per proviso to Regulation 5(1) - period for which
license required ( 1 to 5 years) ____________
15. I/We have forwarded a sum of Rs.___________ towards License fees according to the provision of the Food Safety
and Standards Regulations, 2011 vide:
Demand Draft no (payable to ……………….)
(Signature of the applicant/authorized signatory)
76 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
I, Mr./Ms./Mrs. _________________ S/o / D/o Mr. ___________________,R/o ________________________
do hereby solemnly affirm and declare that all information and particulars furnished here by me are true and correct to the
best of my knowledge. I further declare that the food business conducted or proposed to be conducted by/through me
conforms/shall conform to the Food Safety and Standards Act, Regulations/ Bye-laws enacted there under, and specifically
to the Guidelines on Hygiene and Sanitary Practices provided under Schedule 4 of the Registration and Licensing
Regulations published by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India or any person authorized on its behalf from
time to time.
¹Hkkx III—[k.M 4º Hkkjr dk jkti=k % vlk/kj.k 77
Documents to be enclosed for new application for license to State/Central Licensing Authority
1. Form-B duly completed and signed (in duplicate) by the proprietor/ partner or the authorised signatory
2. Blueprint/layout plan of the processing unit showing the dimensions in metres/square metres and operation-wise
3. List of Directors with full address and contact details
4. Name and List of Equipments and Machinery along with the number, installed capacity and horse power used.
5. Photo I.D and address proof issued by Government authority of Proprietor/Partner/Director(s)/Authorised Signatory.
6. List of food category desired to be manufactured. ( In case of manufacturers).
7. Authority letter with name and address of responsible person nominated by the manufacturer along with alternative
responsible person indicating the powers vested with them viz assisting the officers in inspections, collection of
samples, packing & dispatch.
8. Analysis report (Chemical & Bacteriological) of water to be used as ingredient in food from a recognized/ public
health laboratory to confirm the portability indicating the name of authorized representative of Lab who collected
the sample and date of collecting sample
9. Proof of possession of premises. (Sale deed/ Rent agreement/ Electricity bill, etc.)
10. Partnership Deed/Affidavit/Memorandum & Articles of Association towards the constitution of the firm.
11. Copy of certificate obtained under Coop Act - 1861/Multi State Coop Act - 2002 in case of Cooperatives.
12. NOC from manufacturer in case of Re-labellers
13. Food Safety Management System plan or certificate if any,
14. Source of milk or procurement plan for milk including location of milk collection centres etc in case of Milk and Milk
Products processing units.
15. Source of raw material for meat and meat processing plants.
16. Pesticide residues report of water to be used as ingredient in case of units manufacturing Packaged drinking water,
packaged Mineral water and/or carbonated water from a recognised/ public health laboratory indicating the name of
authorised representative of Lab who collected the sample and date of collecting sample, including source of raw
water and treatment plan.
17. Recall plan wherever applicable, with details on whom the product is distributed.
18. NOCs from Municipality or local body and from State Pollution Control Board except in case of notified industrial
Documents to be included for renewal or transfer of license given under other existing laws prior to these Regulations
1. Any change in documents or information provided during grant of previous license.
2. Certificate or Plan of Food Safety Management System being adopted (for units under Central Licensing it has to be
a certificate from accredited agencies).
3. List of workers with their medical fitness certificates.
4. Name, qualification and details of technical personnel in charge of operation.
78 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
Conditions of License
All Food Business Operators shall ensure that the following conditions are complied with at all times during the course of
its food business.
Food Business Operators shall:
1. Display a true copy of the license granted in Form C shall at all times at a prominent place in the premises.
2. Give necessary access to Licensing Authorities or their authorised personnel to the premises
3. Inform Authorities about any change or modifications in activities /content of license.
4. Employ at least one technical person to supervise the production process. The person supervising the production
process shall possess at least a degree in Science with Chemistry/Bio Chemistry/Food and Nutrition/ Microbiology
or a degree or diploma in food technology/ Dairy technology/ dairy microbiology/ dairy chemistry/ dairy engineering/
oil technology /veterinary science /hotel management & catering technology or any degree or diploma in any other
discipline related to the specific requirements of the business from a recognized university or institute or equivalent.
5. Furnish periodic annual return (1st April to 31st March), within upto 31st May of each year. For collection/ handling/
manufacturing of Milk and Milk Products half yearly returns also to be furnished as specified (1st April to
31st September before 30th November and 1st October to 31st March).
6. Ensure that no product other than the product indicated in the license/ registration is produced in the unit.
7. Maintain factory's sanitary and hygienic standards and worker's Hygiene as specified in the Schedule - 4 according
to the category of food business.
8. Maintain daily records of production, raw materials utilization and sales separately.
9. Ensure that the source and standards of raw material used are of optimum quality.
10. Food Business Operator shall not manufacture, store or expose for sale or permit the sale of any article of food in any
premises not effectively separated to the satisfaction of the licensing authority from any privy, urinal, sullage, drain
or place of storage of foul and waste matter.
11. Ensure Clean-In-Place systems (wherever necessary) for regular cleaning of the machine & equipments.
12. Ensure testing of relevant chemical and/or microbiological contaminants in food products in accordance with these
regulations as frequently as required on the basis of historical data and risk assessment to ensure production and
delivery of safe food through own or NABL accredited /FSSA notified labs at least once in six months.
13. Ensure that as much as possible the required temperature shall be maintained throughout the supply chain from the
place of procurement or sourcing till it reaches the end consumer including chilling, transportation, storage etc.
14. The manufacturer/importer/distributor shall buy and sell food products only from, or to, licensed/registered vendors
and maintain record thereof.
1. Proprietors of hotels, restaurants and other food stalls who sell or expose for sale savouries, sweets or other articles
of food shall put up a notice board containing separate lists of the articles which have been cooked in ghee, edible
oil, vanaspati and other fats for the information of the intending purchasers.
2. Food Business Operator selling cooked or prepared food shall display a notice board containing the nature of
articles being exposed for sale
3. Every manufacturer [including ghani operator] or wholesale dealer in butter, ghee, vanaspati, edible oils, Solvent
extracted oil, de oiled meal, edible flour and any other fats shall maintain a register showing the quantity of
manufactured, received or sold, nature of oil seed used and quantity of de-oiled meal and edible flour used etc. as
applicable and the destination of each consignment of the substances sent out from his factory or place of business,
and shall present such register for inspection whenever required to do so by the Licensing Authority.
4. No producer or manufacturer of vegetable oil, edible oil and their products shall be eligible for license under this Act,
unless he has own laboratory facility for analytical testing of samples.
¹Hkkx III—[k.M 4º Hkkjr dk jkti=k % vlk/kj.k 79
5. Every sale or movement of stocks of solvent-extracted oil, 'semi refined' or 'raw grade I', edible groundnut flour or
edible coconut flour, or both by the producer shall be a sale or movement of stocks directly to a registered user and
not to any other person, and no such sale or movement shall be effected through any third party.
6. Every quantity of solvent-extracted oil, edible groundnut flour or edible coconut flour, or both purchased by a
registered user shall be used by him in his own factory entirely for the purpose intended and shall not be re-sold or
otherwise transferred to any other person:
Provided that nothing in this sub-clause shall apply to the sale or movement of the following:—
(i) karanjia oil;
(ii) kusum oil;
(iii) mahua oil;
(iv) neem oil;
(v) (vi) tamarind seed oil.
(vii) edible groundnut flour bearing the I.S.I.Certification Mark
(viii) edible coconut flour bearing the I.S.I.Certification Mark
7. No Food Business Operator shall sell or distribute or offer for sale or dispatch or deliver to any person for purpose
of sale any edible oil which is not packed, marked and labelled in the manner specified in the regulations unless
specifically exempted from this condition vide notification in the official Gazette issued in the public interest by
Food Safety Commissioners in specific circumstances and for a specific period and for reasons to be recorded in
80 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
(See Regulation 2.1.4 (6))
Government of India
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India
License under FSS Act, 2006
License No _________________
1. Name and Registered Office address of licensee ___________________________________
2. Address of authorized premises ________________________________________________
3. Kind of Business _______________________________________________________
4. For dairy business details of location with address and capacity of Milk Chilling Centers (MCC) / Bulk Milk Cooling
Centers (BMCs)/Milk Processing Unit/ Milk Packaging Unit owned by the holder of licensee/RC
5. Category of License:
This license is granted under and is subject to the provisions of FSS Act, 2006 all of which must be complied with by
Stamp and signature of Designated Officer
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India
Validation and Renewal
Renewal Period of License Items of Food products with capacities Installed/ Signature of
Date validity fee paid authorized to Manufacture/ Re-pack/Re-label handling Capacity Designated Officer
¹Hkkx III—[k.M 4º Hkkjr dk jkti=k % vlk/kj.k 81
(For business other than Milk and Milk products)
(See Regulation 2.1.13)
1. Name and address of Licensee:-
2. Address of the authorized premises for the manufacturing / Re-Packing / Re-Labelling of food products:
3. License No. ..............................
4. Statement showing quantities of food products manufactured/handled/imported and exported in Tonnes
Name of the food Size of can / Quantity Sale price per Value Quantity Name of the Rate per Value Remarks
product manufactured/ bottle/any other in MT Kg or per unit exported/ country or Kg or
handled/imported/ package (like of packing imported port of per unit
exported. PP) or bulk in Kg Export of packing
package C.I.F. /
1 2 3 4. 5 6 7 8 9 10
82 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
(See Regulation 2.1.13)
Half Yearly Return for Milk and Milk Products
For the period ending
a) 1st April to 30th September
b) 1st October to 31 March
1. Name and address of Licensee:-
2. Address of the authorized premises for the manufacturing milk and milk products:
3. License No. .............................. date of issue/validity...............................................
Type of milk Total Qty Total fat Average Total SNF Price Price Price
MT MT content Rs / kg Rs/kg Rs/kg
MT of milk of fat of SNF
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
5. Purchase of Milk Products
Name of Milk Source of Total quantity Average Average Quantity used Closing balance
Products purchase purchased Fat % SNF% (MT)* (MT)*
3. Butter Oil
4. White Butter
¹Hkkx III—[k.M 4º Hkkjr dk jkti=k % vlk/kj.k 83
Utilized for making liquid milk or Whole milk Skimmed milk Butter oil White
milk products powder powder (MT)* butter
(MT)* (MT)* (MT)*
All liquid milks for sale
In lean season (Apr-Sep)
In flush season (Oct-Mar)
Other milk products
In lean season (Apr-Sep)
In flush season (Oct-Mar)
7. Details of Milk products Manufactured, Sold and Stock position.
Product Name Opening stock Production of Milk Average Sales of milk Closing stock
(Please list out (MT) and milk products products (MT)
the name of (MT)
this form) Fat% SNF%
1 2 3 4 5 6
8. Conversion of Milk into Milk Products outsourced to other dairies
Type of milk Quantity (TLPD)* Average Fat % Average SNF % Name of converted Quantity
84 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
9. Milk Marketing
Type of Milk Quantity sold Average Fat % Average SNF% Consumer
*(TLPD) price Rs
a) Milk sold in Retail
Sub total A
b) Milk sold I bulk
to other dairies
Sub total B
Grand Total A+B
*TLPD Thousand liters per day
10. Statement showing quantities of milk products manufactured and exported in Tonnes with their sale value during
the period ………….
Name of Size of Qty. in Avg.fat/ Sale Value Qty Name of Rate per Value in Remarks
the milk the can/ MT SNF for Price/kg in Rs. exported/ the kg or / Rs.
products bottle/any milk or per imported country unit of
other products unit of in KG or port packing
package (%) packing of export C.I.F/
(like PP) Rs FOB
or bulk Rs.
1 2 3 4 a 4 b 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Signature of the Licensee
A register detailing the above information shall be maintained by each licensee for inspections. '
Name of Milk Products required to be listed in table 8 coloumn no. 1.
White butter Butter milk
Table butter Lassi
Butter oil Paeer
Skimmed milk powder Khoa sweets
Whole milk powder Flavored milk pasteurized
Dairy whitener Flavoured milk sterilized
Infant Milk Food UHT-MILK
Infant formula Ice cream
Malted milk food Casein
Shrikhand/Amarkhand Whey powder
Butter milk powder Any other milk products as lowed in license
¹Hkkx III—[k.M 4º Hkkjr dk jkti=k % vlk/kj.k 85
Form of Guarantee
(Refer Regulation 2.1.14(2))
Invoice No. _____ Place:________
From: _________ Date:_________
Date of sale Nature and quality of article/brand name, if any Batch No or Code No. Quantity Price
1 2 3 4 5
I/We hereby certify that food/foods mentioned in this invoice is/are warranted to be of the nature aqnd quality which it/
these purports/purported to be.
Signature of the manufacturer/Distributor/Dealer
Name and address of
(in case of packed article)
License No. (wherever applicable)
86 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
SCHEDULE - 3
(See Regulation 2.1.3)
FEE FOR GRANT/ RENEWAL OF LICENSE
REGISTRATION / LICENSE FEE PER ANNUM IN RUPEES
1. Fees for Registration Rs 100
2. Fees for License issued by Central
Licensing Authority: Rs 7500
3. Fees for License issued by State Licensing Authority:
1. Manufacturer /Miller
(i) Above 1MT per day Production or 10,001 to 50,000 LPD of milk or
501 to 2500 MT of milk solids per annum Rs. 5000/—
(ii) Below 1 MT of Production or 501 to 10,000 LPD of milk or 2.5 MT to 500 MT
of milk solids per annum Rs.3000/—
2. Hotels -3 Star and above Rs. 5000/—
3. All Food Service providers including restaurants/boarding houses, clubs etc. serving food,
Canteens (Schools, Colleges, Office, Institutions), Caterers, Banquet halls with food catering
arrangements, food vendors like dabba wallas etc Rs. 2000/—
4. Any other Food Business Operator Rs. 2000/—
The fees paid by any applicant for a license shall not be refundable under any circumstances.
Issue of Duplicate registration or License
(1) Where a registration certificate or license is lost, destroyed, torn, defaced or mutilated, the applicant may
apply for a duplicate copy of the registration certificate or license during the validity period, accompanied
with a fee amounting to 10% of the applicable License fee.
(2) On receipt of such an application, the Licensing Authority shall grant a duplicate copy of the registration
certificate or license, as the case may be to the applicant with the word "Duplicate" appearing prominently
Mode of Payment
The payment shall be made by the Food Business Operator through Bank draft or online transfer or treasury chalan or any
other suitable means as specified by the Licensing Authority.
(See Regulation 2.1.2)
General Hygienic and Sanitary practices to be followed by Food Business operators
It is hereby recognized and declared as a matter of legislative determination that in the field of human nutrition, safe,
clean, wholesome food - is indispensable to the health and welfare of the consumer of the country; that - food is a
perishable commodity susceptible to contamination and adulteration; - and that - basic sanitary and hygienic conditions
are deemed to be necessary for the production and distribution of milk - Meat products, service establishments etc.
The establishment in which food is being handled, processed, manufactured, stored, distributed by the food business
operator whether holder of registration certificate or a license as per the norms laid down in these regulations and the
persons handling them should conform to the sanitary and hygienic requirement, food safety measures and other
standards as specified below. It shall also be deemed to be the responsibility of the food business operator to ensure
adherence to necessary requirements.
These are the basic - compulsory requirements for ensuring safety of the food manufactured in any premise and FBOs
shall continuously try to improve the sanitary and hygienic conditions at the premises with a goal of attaining India
HACCP standards within a - previously determined period.
¹Hkkx III—[k.M 4º Hkkjr dk jkti=k % vlk/kj.k 87
Part I - General Hygienic and Sanitary practices to be followed by Petty Food Business Operators applying for
(See Regulation 2.1.1(2))
In case inspection of the units is directed by the Registering or Licensing Authority, the inspection should confirm
that the following measures are adopted by the unit as far as possible:
SANITARY AND HYGIENIC REQUIREMENTS FOR FOOD MANUFACTURER/ PROCESSOR/HANDLER
The place where food is manufactured, processed or handled shall comply with the following requirements:
1. The premises shall be located in a sanitary place and free from filthy surroundings and shall maintain overall
hygienic environment. All new units shall set up away from environmentally polluted areas.
2. The premises to conduct food business for manufacturing should have adequate space for manufacturing
and storage to maintain overall hygienic environment.
3. The premises shall be clean, adequately lighted and ventilated and sufficient free space for movement.
4. Floors, Ceilings and walls must be maintained in a sound condition. They should be smooth and easy to clean
with no flaking paint or plaster.
5. The floor and skirted walls shall be washed as per requirement with an effective disinfectant the premises shall
be kept free from all insects. No spraying shall be done during the conduct of business, but instead fly swats/
flaps should be used to kill spray flies getting into the premises. Windows, doors and other openings shall be
fitted with net or screen, as appropriate to make the premise insect free The water used in the manufacturing
shall be potable and if required chemical and bacteriological examination of the water shall be done at regular
intervals at any recognized laboratory.
6. Continuous supply of potable water shall be ensured in the premises. In case of intermittent water supply,
adequate storage arrangement for water used in food or washing shall be made.
7. Equipment and machinery when employed shall be of such design which will permit easy cleaning.
Arrangements for cleaning of containers, tables, working parts of machinery, etc. shall be provided.
8. No vessel, container or other equipment, the use of which is likely to cause metallic contamination injurious
to health shall be employed in the preparation, packing or storage of food. (Copper or brass vessels shall have
9. All equipments shall be kept clean, washed, dried and stacked at the close of business to ensure freedom from
growth of mould/ fungi and infestation.
10. All equipments shall be placed well away from the walls to allow proper inspection.
11. There should be efficient drainage system and there shall be adequate provisions for disposal of refuse.
12. The workers working in processing and preparation shall use clean aprons, hand gloves, and head wears.
13. Persons suffering from infectious diseases shall not be permitted to work. Any cuts or wounds shall remain
covered at all time and the person should not be allowed to come in direct contact with food.
14. All food handlers shall keep their finger nails trimmed, clean and wash their hands with soap, or detergent and
water before commencing work and every time after using toilet. Scratching of body parts, hair shall be
avoided during food handling processes.
15. All food handlers should avoid wearing, false nails or other items or loose jewellery that might fall into food
and also avoid touching their face or hair.
16. Eating, chewing, smoking, spitting and nose blowing shall be prohibited within the premises especially while
17. All articles that are stored or are intended for sale shall be fit for consumption and have proper cover to avoid
18. The vehicles used to transport foods must be maintained in good repair and kept clean.
19. Foods while in transport in packaged form or in containers shall maintain the required temperature.
20. Insecticides / disinfectants shall be kept and stored separately and `away from food manufacturing / storing/
88 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
A. SANITARY AND HYGIENIC REQUIREMENTS FOR STREET FOOD VENDORS AND UNITS OTHER THAN
1. Potential sources of contamination like rubbish, waste water, toilet facilities, open drains and stray animals
shall be avoided.
2. The surfaces of the Vending carts which come in contact with food or food storage utensils shall be built of
solid, rust/ corrosion resistant materials and kept in clean and good condition They shall be protected from
sun, wind and dust. When not in use, food vending vans shall be kept in clean place and properly protected.
3. Rubbish bin with cover shall be provided by food stall or vending cart owners for any waste generated in the
process of serving and eating by consumers.
4. Working surfaces of vending carts shall be clean, hygienic, impermeable and easy to clean (like stainless
steel), and placed at least 60 to 70 cm. from above ground.
5. Sale points, tables, awnings, benches and boxes, cupboards, glass cases, etc. shall be clean and tidy.
6. Cooking utensils and crockery shall be clean and in good condition. It should not be broken/ chipped.
7. All containers shall be kept clean, washed and dried at the close of business to ensure that there is no growth
of mould/ fungi and infestation.
8. Water used for cleaning, washing and preparing food shall be potable in nature.
9. Transporting of drinking water (treated water like bottled water, boiled/ filtered water through water purifier
etc.) shall be in properly covered and protected containers and it shall be stored in clean and covered
containers in a protected area away from dust and filth.
10. Cooking, storage and serving shall not be done in utensils of, cadmium, lead, non food grade plastic and other
11. Utensils shall be cleaned of debris, rinsed, scrubbed with detergent and washed under running tap water after
every operation. Wiping of utensils shall be done with clean cloth. Separate cloths shall be used for wiping
hands and for clearing surfaces, cloth used for floor cleaning will not be used for cleaning surfaces of tables
and working areas and for wiping utensils Person cooking, handling or serving food should use hand gloves
and aprons, where necessary. He shall wear head gear and cover his mouth always while at work.
12. Removing dust or crumb from plates or utensils shall be done by using cloth or wiper into dustbin.
13. The person suffering from infectious disease shall not be permitted to work.
14. All food handlers shall remain clean, wear washed clothes and keep their finger nails trimmed, clean and wash
their hands with soap/ detergent and water before commencing work and every time after touching food or
15. All food handlers should avoid wearing loose items that might fall into food and also avoid touching or
scratching their face, head or hair.
16. All articles that are stored or intended for sale shall have proper cover to avoid contamination. Food should
be stored only in food grade plastic containers as steel containers to prevent leaking.
17. Eating, chewing, smoking, , spitting and nose blowing shall be prohibited within the premises.
18. Foods shall be prepared or cooked as per the day's requirement to avoid left over which might be used in the
next day without ascertaining its safety for consumption or use in food. Consumables left over shall be kept
in the refrigerator immediately after their intended use.
19. Adequate number of racks shall be provided for storage of articles of food, with clear identity of each
commodity. Proper compartment for each class shall also be provided wherever possible so that there is no
20. Rubbish or garbage bin shall be with a tight cover and shall be cleaned everyday by transferring contents into
21. Vegetarian and non-vegetarian items should be segregated.
22. Fridge should be cleaned at least once a week to remove stains, ice particles and food particles. The temperature
in the fridge should be in the range of 4°C - 6°C.
23. The location of the vending unit should be in a place approved by the local authorities and not blocking traffic
or pedestrians or near unhygienic locations.
¹Hkkx III—[k.M 4º Hkkjr dk jkti=k % vlk/kj.k 89
(See Regulation 2.1.1(4))
General Requirements on Hygienic and Sanitary Practices to be followed by all Food Business Operators applying for
The establishment in which food is being handled, processed, manufactured, packed, stored, and distributed by the
food business operator and the persons handling them should conform to the sanitary and hygienic requirement, food
safety measures and other standards as specified below. It shall also be deemed to be the responsibility of the food
business operator to ensure adherence to necessary requirements.
In addition to the requirements specified below, the food business operator shall identify steps in the activities of
food business, which are critical to ensure food safety, and ensure that safety procedures are identified, implemented,
maintained and reviewed periodically.
1 LOCATION AND SURROUNDINGS
1.1 Food Establishment shall ideally be located away from environmental pollution and industrial activities that
produce disagreeable or obnoxious odour, fumes, excessive soot, dust, smoke, chemical or biological emissions and
pollutants, and which pose a threat of contaminating food areas that are prone to infestations of pests or where wastes,
either solid or liquid, cannot be removed effectively.
1.2 In case there are hazards of other environment polluting industry located nearby, appropriate measures should
be taken to protect the manufacturing area from any potential contamination.
1.3 The manufacturing premise should not have direct access to any residential area.
2 LAYOUT AND DESIGN OF FOOD ESTABLISHMENT PREMISES
As far as possible, the layout of the food establishment shall be such that food preparation / manufacturing
processes are not amenable to cross-contamination from other pre and post manufacturing operations like goods receiving,
pre-processing (viz. packaging, washing / portioning of ready-to-eat food etc).
2.1Floors, ceilings and walls must be maintained in a sound condition to minimize the accumulation of dirt,
condensation and growth of undesirable moulds. They should be made of impervious material and should be smooth and
easy to clean with no flaking paint or plaster.
2.2Doors shall also be made of smooth and non-absorbent surfaces so that they are easy to clean and wherever
2.3The floor of food processing / food service area shall have adequate and proper drainage and shall be easy to
clean and where necessary, disinfect. Floors shall be sloped appropriately to facilitate drainage and the drainage shall
flow in a direction opposite to the direction of food preparation / manufacturing process flow.
2.4Adequate control measures should be in place to prevent insects and rodents from entering the processing area
2.5Windows, doors & all other openings to outside environment shall be well screened with wire-mesh or insectproof
screen as applicable to protect the premise from fly and other insects / pests / animals & the doors be fitted with
automatic closing springs. The mesh or the screen should be of such type which can be easily removed for cleaning.
2.6No person shall manufacture, store or expose for sale or permit the sale of any article of food in any premises not
effectively separated to the satisfaction of the licensing authority from any privy, urinal, sullage, drain or place of storage
of foul and waste matter.
3 EQUIPMENT & CONTAINERS
3.1Equipment and containers that come in contact with food and used for food handling, storage, preparation,
processing, packaging and serving shall be made of corrosion free materials which do not impart any toxicity to the food
material and should be easy to clean and /or disinfect (other than disposable single use types).
3.2Equipment and utensils used in the preparation of food shall be kept at all times in good order and repair and in
a clean and sanitary condition. Such utensil or container shall not be used for any other purpose.
3.3 Every utensil or container containing any food or ingredient of food intended for sale shall at all times be either
provided with a properly fitted cover/lid or with a clean gauze net or other material of texture sufficiently fine to protect the
food completely from dust, dirt and flies and other insects.
90 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
3.4 No utensil or container used for the manufacture or preparation of or containing any food or ingredient of food
intended for sale shall be kept in any place in which such utensil or container is likely by reason of impure air or dust or any
offensive, noxious or deleterious gas or substance or any noxious or injurious emanations, exhalation, or effluvium, to be
contaminated and thereby render the food noxious.
3.5 Equipment shall be so located, designed and fabricated that it permits necessary maintenance and cleaning
functions as per its intended use and facilitates good hygiene practices inside the premise including monitoring and audit.
3.6Appropriate facilities for the cleaning and disinfecting of equipments and instruments and wherever possible
cleaning in place (CIP) system shall be adopted.
3.7Equipment and containers for waste, by-products and inedible or dangerous substances, shall be specifically
identifiable and suitably constructed.
3.8Containers used to hold cleaning chemicals and other dangerous substances shall be identified and stored
separately to prevent malicious or accidental contamination of food.
3.9 If required, a waste water disposal system / effluent treatment plant shall be put in place.
3.10 All items, fittings and equipments that touch or come in contact with food must be:
kept in good condition in a way that enables them to be kept clean and wherever necessary, to be
Chipped enameled containers will not be used. Stainless steel /aluminum / glass containers, mugs,
jugs, trays etc. suitable for cooking and storing shall be used. Brass utensils shall be frequently provided with
4.1 Water supply
4.1.1 Only potable water, with appropriate facilities for its storage and distribution shall be used as an
ingredient in processing and cooking.
4.1.2 Water used for food handling, washing, should be of such quality that it does not introduce any hazard
or contamination to render the finished food article unsafe.
4.1.3 Water storage tanks shall be cleaned periodically and records of the same shall be maintained in a
4.1.4 Non potable water can be used provided it is intended only for cleaning of equipment not coming in
contact with food, which does not come into contact with food steam production, fire fighting & refrigeration
equipment and provided that pipes installed for this purpose preclude the use of this water for other purposes and
present no direct or indirect risk of contamination of the raw material, dairy products or food products so processed,
packed & kept in the premise.
4.1.5 Non potable water pipes shall be clearly distinguished from those in use for potable water.
4.2 For Cleaning Utensils / Equipments
Adequate facilities for cleaning, disinfecting of utensils and equipments shall be provided. The facilities must
have an adequate supply of hot and cold water if required.
4.3 Washing of Raw materials
Adequate facilities for washing of raw food should be provided. Every sink (or other facilities) for washing
food must have an adequate supply of hot and/or cold water. These facilities must be kept clean and, where
necessary, disinfected. Preferably, sinks which are used for washing raw foods shall be kept separate and that
should not be used for washing utensils or any other purposes.
4.4 Ice and Steam
Ice and steam used in direct contact with food shall be made from potable water and shall comply with
requirements specified under 4.1.1. Ice and steam shall be produced, handled and stored in such a manner that no
contamination can happen
¹Hkkx III—[k.M 4º Hkkjr dk jkti=k % vlk/kj.k 91
4.5 Drainage and waste disposal
4.5.1 Food waste and other waste materials shall be removed periodically from the place where food is being
handled or cooked or manufactured to avoid building up. A refuse bin of adequate size with a proper cover
preferably one which need not be touched for opening shall be provided in the premises for collection of waste
material. This shall be emptied and washed daily with a disinfectant and dried before next use.
4.5.2 The disposal of sewage and effluents (solid, liquid and gas) shall be in conformity with requirements of
Factory / Environment Pollution Control Board. Adequate drainage, waste disposal systems and facilities shall be
provided and they shall be designed and constructed in such manner so that the risk of contaminating food or the
potable water supply is eliminated.
4.5.3 Waste storage shall be located in such manner that it does not contaminate the food process, storage
areas, the environment inside and outside the food establishment and waste shall be kept in covered containers and
shall be removed at regular intervals.
4.5.4 Periodic disposal of the refuse / waste should be made compulsory. No waste shall be kept open inside
the premise and shall be disposed of in an appropriate manner as per local rules and regulations including those for
plastics and other non environment friendly materials.
4.6 Personnel facilities and toilets
4.6.1 Personnel facilities shall include those for proper washing and drying of hands before touching food
materials including wash basins and a supply of hot and /or cold water as appropriate; separate lavatories, of
appropriate hygienic design, for males and females separately; and changing facilities for personnel and such
facilities shall be suitably located so that they do not open directly into food processing, handling or storage areas.
4.6.2 Number of toilets should be adequate depending on the number of employees (male /female) in the
establishment and they should be made aware of the cleanliness requirement while handling food.
4.6.3 Rest and refreshments rooms shall be separate from food process and service areas and these areas shall
not lead directly to food production, service and storage areas.
4.6.4 A display board mentioning do's & don'ts for the workers shall be put up inside at a prominent place in
the premise in English or in local language for everyone's understanding.
4.7 Air quality and ventilation
Ventilation systems natural and /or mechanical including air filters, exhaust fans, wherever required, shall be
designed and constructed so that air does not flow from contaminated areas to clean areas.
Natural or artificial lighting shall be provided to the food establishment, to enable the employees/workers to
operate in a hygienic manner. Lighting fixtures must wherever appropriate, be protected to ensure that food is not
contaminated by breakages of electrical fittings.
5 FOOD OPERATIONS AND CONTROLS
5.1 Procurement of raw materials
5.1.1 No raw material or ingredient thereof shall be accepted by an establishment if it is known to contain
parasites, undesirable micro-organisms, pesticides, veterinary drugs or toxic items, decomposed or extraneous
substances, which would not be reduced to an acceptable level by normal sorting and/or processing.
5.1.2 All raw materials, food additives and ingredients, wherever applicable, shall conform to all the Regulations
and standards laid down under the Act.
5.1.3 Records of raw materials, food additives and ingredients as well as their source of procurement shall be
maintained in a register for inspection.
5.1.4 All raw materials should be checked & cleaned physically thoroughly.
5.1.5 Raw materials should be purchased in quantities that correspond to storage/ preservation capacity.
5.1.6 Packaged raw material must be checked for 'expiry date'/ 'best before'/ 'use by' date, packaging integrity
and storage conditions.
92 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
5.1.7 Receiving temperature of potentially high risk food should be at or below 5 0C
5.1.8 Receiving temperature of frozen food should be -18 0C or below.
5.2 Storage of raw materials and food
5.2.1 Food storage facilities shall be designed and constructed to enable food to be effectively protected from
contamination during storage; permit adequate maintenance and cleaning, to avoid pest access and accumulation.
5.2.2 Cold Storage facility, wherever required, shall be provided to raw, processed / packed food according to
the type and requirement.
5.2.3 Segregation shall be provided for the storage of raw, processed, rejected, recalled or returned materials
or products which will be distinguishably marked and secured. Raw materials and food shall be stored in separate
areas from printed packaging materials, stationary, hardware and cleaning materials / chemicals.
5.2.4 Raw food, particularly meat, poultry and seafood products shall be cold stored separately from the area
of work-in-progress, processed, cooked and packaged products. The conditions of storage in terms of temperature
and humidity requisite for enhancing the shelf life of the respective food materials / products shall be maintained.
5.2.5 Storage of raw materials, ingredients, work-in-progress and processed / cooked or packaged food
products shall be subject to FIFO (First in, First Out), FEFO (First Expire First Out) stock rotation system as
5.2.6 Containers made of non-toxic materials shall be provided for storage of raw materials, work-in-progress
and finished / ready to serve products. The food materials shall be stored on racks / pallets such that they are
reasonably well above the floor level and away from the wall so as to facilitate effective cleaning and prevent
harbouring of any pests, insects or rodents.
5.3 Food Processing / Preparation, Packaging and Distribution / Service
5.3.1.Time and temperature control
18.104.22.168 The Food Business shall develop and maintain the systems to ensure that time and temperature are
controlled effectively where it is critical to the safety and suitability of food. Such control shall include time and
temperature of receiving, processing, cooking, cooling, storage, packaging, distribution and food service upto the
consumer, as applicable.
22.214.171.124 Whenever frozen food / raw materials are being used / handled / transported, proper care should be
taken so that defrosted / thawed material are not stored back after opening for future use.
126.96.36.199 If thawing is required then only required portion of the food should be thawed at a time.
188.8.131.52 Wherever cooking is done on open fire, proper outlets for smoke/steam etc. like chimney, exhaust fan
etc. shall be provided.
5.4 Food Packaging
5.4.1 Packaging materials shall provide protection for all food products to prevent contamination, damage and shall
accommodate required labelling as laid down under the FSS Act & the Regulations there under.
5.4.2 For primary packaging (i.e packaging in which the food or ingredient or additive comes in direct contact with
the packaging material), only Food grade packaging materials are to be used . For packaging materials like aluminium
plastic and tin, the standards to be followed are as mentioned under the FSS Regulations and rules framed there under.
5.4.3 Packaging materials or gases where used, shall be non-toxic and shall not pose a threat to the safety and
suitability of food under the specified conditions of storage and use.
5.5 Food Distribution / Service
5.5.1 All critical links in the supply chain need to be identified and provided for to minimize food spoilage during
transportation. Processed / packaged and / or ready-to-eat food shall be protected as per the required storage conditions
during transportation and / or service.
5.5.2 Temperatures and humidity which are necessary for sustaining food safety and quality shall be maintained.
The conveyances and /or containers shall be designed, constructed and maintained in such manner that they can
effectively maintain the requisite temperature, humidity, atmosphere and other conditions necessary to protect food
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conveyances and / or containers used for transporting / serving foodstuffs shall be non toxic, kept clean and maintained
in good condition in order to protect foodstuffs from any contamination.
5.5.3 Receptacles in vehicles and / or containers shall not be used for transporting anything other than foodstuffs
where this may result in contamination of foodstuffs. Where the same conveyance or container is used for transportation
of different foods, or high risk foods such as fish, meat, poultry, eggs etc., effective cleaning and disinfections shall be
carried out between loads to avoid the risk of cross- contamination. For bulk transport of food, containers and conveyances
shall be designated and marked for food use only and be used only for that purpose.
6 Management and Supervision
6.1 A detailed Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for the processing of food as well as its packing, despatch and
storage will be developed for proper management which in turn would help in identifying any problem and the exact point,
so that damage control would be faster.
6.2 The Food Business shall ensure that technical managers and supervisors have appropriate qualifications,
knowledge and skills on food hygiene principles and practices to be able to ensure food safety and quality of its products,
judge food hazards, take appropriate preventive and corrective action, and to ensure effective monitoring and supervision.
7 Food Testing Facilities
7.1 A well equipped, laboratory for testing of food materials / food for physical, microbiological and chemical
analysis in accordance with the specification/standards laid down under the rules and regulations shall be in place inside
the premise for regular / periodic testing and when ever required.
7.2 In case of any suspicion or possible contamination, food materials / food shall be tested before dispatch from the
7.3 If there is no in house laboratory facility, then regular testing shall be done through an accredited lab notified by
FSSAI . In case of complaints received and if so required, the company shall voluntarily do the testing either in the inhouse
laboratory or an accredited lab or lab notified by FSSAI.
8 Audit, Documentation and Records
8.1 A periodic audit of the whole system according to the SOP shall be done to find out any fault / gap in the GMP
/ GHP system.
8.2 Appropriate records of food processing / preparation, production / cooking, storage, distribution, service, food
quality, laboratory test results, cleaning and sanitation, pest control and product recall shall be kept and retained for a
period of one year or the shelf-life of the product, whichever is more.
9 SANITATION AND MAINTENANCE OF ESTABLISHMENT PREMISES
9.1 Cleaning and Maintenance
9.1.1 A cleaning and sanitation programme shall be drawn up and observed and the record thereof shall be
properly maintained, which shall indicate specific areas to be cleaned, cleaning frequency and cleaning procedure
to be followed, including equipment and materials to be used for cleaning. Equipments used in manufacturing will be
cleaned and sterilized at set frequencies.
9.1.2 Cleaning chemicals shall be handled and used carefully in accordance with the instructions of the
manufacturer and shall be stored separately away from food materials, in clearly identified containers, to avoid any
risk of contaminating food.
9.2 Pest Control Systems
9.2.1 Food establishment, including equipment and building shall be kept in good repair to prevent pest
access and to eliminate potential breeding sites. Holes, drains and other places where pests are likely to gain access
shall be kept in sealed condition or fitted with mesh / grills / claddings or any other suitable means as required and
animals, birds and pets shall not be allowed to enter into the food establishment areas/ premises.
9.2.2 Food materials shall be stored in pest-proof containers stacked above the ground and away from walls.
9.2.3 Pest infestations shall be dealt with immediately and without adversely affecting the food safety or
suitability. Treatment with permissible chemical, physical or biological agents, within the appropriate limits, shall be
94 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
carried out without posing a threat to the safety or suitability of food. Records of pesticides / insecticides used
along with dates and frequency shall be maintained.
10 PERSONAL HYGIENE
10.1 Health Status
10.1.1 Personnel known, or believed, to be suffering from, or to be a carrier of a disease or illness likely to be
transmitted through food, shall not be allowed to enter into any food handling area . The Food Business shall
develop system, whereby any person so affected, shall immediately report illness or symptoms of illness to the
management and medical examination of a food handler shall be carried out apart from the periodic checkups, if
clinically or epidemiologically indicated.
10.1.2 Arrangements shall be made to get the food handlers / employees of the establishment medically
examined once in a year to ensure that they are free from any infectious, contagious and other communicable
diseases. A record of these examinations signed by a registered medical practitioner shall be maintained for inspection
10.1.3 The factory staff shall be compulsorily inoculated against the enteric group of diseases as per
recommended schedule of the vaccine and a record shall be kept for inspection.
10.1.4 In case of an epidemic, all workers are to be vaccinated irrespective of the scheduled vaccination.
10.2 Personal Cleanliness
10.2.1 Food handlers shall maintain a high degree of personal cleanliness. The food business shall provide to
all food handlers adequate and suitable clean protective clothing, head covering, face musk, gloves and footwear
and the food business shall ensure that the food handlers at work wear only clean protective clothes, head covering
and footwear every day.
10.2.2 Food handlers shall always wash their hands with soap and clean potable water, disinfect their hands
and then dry with hand drier or clean cloth towel or disposable paper at the beginning of food handling activities
immediately after handling raw food or any contaminated material, tools, equipment or work surface, where this
could result in contamination of other food items or after using the toilet.
10.2.3 Food handlers engaged in food handling activities shall refrain from smoking, spitting, chewing, sneezing
or coughing over any food whether protected or unprotected and eating in food preparation and food service areas.
10.2.4 The food handlers should trim their nails and hair periodically, do not encourage or practice unhygienic
habits while handling food.
10.2.5 Persons working directly with and handling raw materials or food products shall maintain high standards
of personal cleanliness at all times. In particular:
a) they shall not smoke, spit, eat or drink in areas or rooms where raw materials and food products are
handled or stored;
b) wash their hands at least each time work is resumed and whenever contamination of their hands has
occurred; e.g. after coughing / sneezing, visiting toilet, using telephone, smoking etc.
c) avoid certain hand habits - e.g. scratching nose, running finger through hair, rubbing eyes, ears and
mouth, scratching beard, scratching parts of bodies etc.- that are potentially hazardous when associated with
handling food products, and might lead to food contamination through the transfer of bacteria from the
employee to product during its preparation. When unavoidable, hands should be effectively washed before
resuming work after such actions.
10.3.1 Generally visitors should be discouraged from going inside the food handling areas. Proper care has to
be taken to ensure that food safety & hygiene is not getting compromised due to visitors in the floor area.
10.3.2 The Food Business shall ensure that visitors to its food manufacturing, cooking, preparation, storage
or handling areas must wherever appropriate, wear protective clothing, footwear and adhere to the other personal
hygiene provisions envisaged in this section.
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11 PRODUCT INFORMATION AND CONSUMER AWARNESS
All packaged food products shall carry a label and requisite information as per provisions of Food Safety and Standards
Act, 2006 and Regulations made there under so as to ensure that adequate and accessible information is available to the
each person in the food chain to enable them to handle, store, process, prepare and display the food products safely and
correctly and that the lot or batch can be easily traced and recalled if necessary.
12.1 The Food Business shall ensure that all food handlers are aware of their role and responsibility in protecting
food from contamination or deterioration. Food handlers shall have the necessary knowledge and skills which are relevant
to food processing / manufacturing, packing, storing and serving so as to ensure the food safety and food quality.
12.2 The Food Business shall ensure that all the food handlers are instructed and trained in food hygiene and food
safety aspects along with personal hygiene requirements commensurate with their work activities, the nature of food, its
handling, processing, preparation, packaging, storage, service and distribution.
12.3 Periodic assessments of the effectiveness of training, awareness of safety requirements and competency level
shall be made, as well as routine supervision and checks to ensure that food hygiene and food safety procedures are being
carried out effectively.
12.4 Training programmes shall be routinely reviewed and updated wherever necessary.
(See Regulation 2.1.2.(1)(5))
Specific Hygienic and Sanitary Practices to be followed by Food Business Operators engaged in manufacture,
processing, storing and selling of Milk and Milk Products
In addition to Part-II, the dairy establishment in which dairy based food is being handled, processed, manufactured,
stored, distributed and ultimately sold by the food business operator, and the persons handling them should conform to
the sanitary and hygienic requirement, food safety measures and other standard as specified below.
I. SANITARY REQUIREMENTS
1. Dairy Establishments shall have the following:
(a) Facilities for the hygienic handling and protection of raw materials and of non-packed or non-wrapped
dairy products during loading and unloading, transport & storing including Bulk Milk cooling facilities.
(b) Special watertight, non-corrodible containers to put raw materials or dairy products intended for human
consumption. Where such raw materials or dairy products are removed through conduits, these shall be constructed
and installed in such a way so as to avoid any risk of contamination of other raw materials or dairy products;
(c) a waste water disposal system which is hygienic and approved ;
(d) facilities for cleaning & disinfecting of tanks used for transporting dairy products and raw milk. These
containers have to be cleaned after every use.
2. The occupier of a dairy establishment shall take appropriate measures to avoid cross-contamination of dairy
products in accordance with the cleaning program as specified in point 9.1 of Part II.
3. Where a dairy establishment produces food stuffs containing dairy products together with other ingredients,
which have not undergone heat treatment or any other treatment having equivalent effect, such dairy products and
ingredients shall be stored separately to prevent cross-contamination.
4. The production of heat-treated milk or the manufacture of milk-based products, which might pose a risk of
contamination to other dairy products, shall be carried out in a clearly separated working area.
5. Equipment, containers and installations which come into contact with dairy products or perishable raw materials
used during production shall be cleaned and if necessary disinfected according to a verified and documented cleaning
6. Equipment, containers, instruments and installations which come in contact with microbiologically stable dairy
products and the rooms in which they are stored shall be cleaned and disinfected according to a verified and documented
Food Safety management programme drawn up by the owner/occupier of the dairy establishment.
96 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
7. Disinfectants and similar substances used shall be used in such a way that they do not have any adverse effects
on the machinery, equipment, raw materials and dairy products kept at the dairy establishment. They shall be in clearly
identifiable containers bearing labels with instructions for their use and their use shall be followed by thorough rinsing of
such instruments and working equipment with potable water, unless supplier's instructions indicate otherwise.
II. PERSONAL HYGIENE REQUIREMENTS
1. The Food Business Operator shall employ those persons only in such an establishment to work directly with and
handle raw materials or dairy products if those persons have proved to the occupier's satisfaction by means of a medical
certificate, on recruitment, that there is no medical impediment to their employment in that capacity.
2. Persons working directly with and handling raw materials or dairy products shall maintain the highest standards
of personal cleanliness at all times. In particular they shall
(a) wear suitable, clean working clothes and headgear which completely encloses their hair;
(b) wash their hands at least each time work is resumed and whenever contamination of their hands has
occurred; e.g. after coughing / sneezing, visiting toilet, using telephone, smoking etc.
(c) cover wounds to the skin with a suitable waterproof dressing. No person with injury on hand, even with
dressing, shall be placed in any product making/handling section.
(d) avoid certain hand habits - e.g. scratching nose, running finger through hair, rubbing eyes, ears and
mouth, scratching beard, scratching parts of bodies etc. that are potentially hazardous when associated with
handling dairy products, and might lead to food contamination through the transfer of bacteria from the employee
to product during its preparation. When unavoidable, hands should be effectively washed before resuming work
after such actions
III. .SANITARY REQUIREMENTS FOR STORAGE
1. Immediately after procuring, raw milk shall be placed in a clean place, which is suitably equipped so as to prevent
any kind of contamination.
2. The cans/ containers made up of mild steel metal and plastic material used for storage and transportation of milk
and milk products shall not be allowed.
3. If raw milk is brought to the dairy plant by a producer or farmer then it shall be ensured that he brings it within four
hours of milking and it shall be cooled as soon as practicable to a temperature of 4ºC or lower and maintained at that
temperature until processed.
4. Where raw milk is collected daily from a producer, it shall be cooled immediately to a temperature of 4ºC to 6ºC or
lower and maintained at that temperature until processed;
5. When the pasteurization process is completed, pasteurized milk shall be cooled immediately to a temperature of
4ºC or lower.
6. Subject to Paragraph 7 below, any dairy product not intended to be stored at ambient temperature shall be cooled
as quickly as possible to the temperature established by the manufacturer of that product as suitable to ensure its
durability and thereafter stored at that temperature.
7. Where dairy products other than raw milk are stored under cooled conditions, their storage temperatures shall be
registered and the cooling rate shall be such that the products reach the required temperature as quickly as possible.
8. The maximum temperature at which pasteurized milk may be stored until it leaves the treatment establishment shall
not exceed 5ºC.
IV. WRAPPING AND PACKAGING
1. The wrapping and packaging of dairy products shall take place under satisfactory hygienic conditions and in
rooms provided for that purpose.
2. The manufacture of dairy products and packaging operations may take place in the same room if the following
conditions are satisfied: —
(a) The room shall be sufficiently large and equipped to ensure the hygiene of the operations;
(b) the wrapping and packaging shall have been brought to the treatment or processing establishment in
protective cover in which they were placed immediately after manufacture and which protects the wrapping or
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packaging from any damage during transport to the dairy establishment, and they shall have been stored there
under hygienic conditions in a room intended for that purpose;
(c) the rooms for storing the packaging material shall be free from vermin and from dust which could constitute
an unacceptable risk of contamination of the product and shall be separated from rooms containing substances
which might contaminate the products. Packaging shall not be placed directly on the floor;
(d) packaging shall be assembled under hygienic conditions before being brought into the room, except in the
case of automatic assembly or packaging, provided that there is no risk of contamination of the products;
(e) packaging shall be done without delay. It shall be handled by separate group of staff having experience in
handling and product wrapping and
(f) immediately after packaging, the dairy products shall be placed in the designated rooms provided for
storage under required temperature.
3. Bottling or filling of containers with heat-treated milk and milk product shall be carried out hygienically.
4. Wrapping or packaging may not be re-used for dairy products, except where the containers are of a type which
may be re-used after thorough cleaning and disinfecting.
5. Sealing shall be carried out in the establishment in which the last heat-treatment of milk or liquid milk-based
products have been carried out, immediately after filling, by means of a sealing device which ensures that the milk is
protected from any adverse effects of external origin on its characteristic. The sealing device shall be so designed that
once the container has been opened, the evidence of opening remains clear and easy to check.
(See Regulation 2.1.2 (1)(5))
Specific Hygienic and Sanitary Practices to be followed by Food Business Operators engaged in manufacture,
processing, storing and selling of Meat and Meat Products
A. Slaughter House
Food Business Operator which slaughters large animals and small animals including sheep and goat or poultry birds
within the premises of his factory for production of meat/ meat products for supply / sale/ distribution to the public shall
comply with the following requirements:—
1. General Requirements:
1.1 No Objection Certificate to be obtained from local Authority before grant of license.
2. Location of Premises:
Such establishments / Slaughter Houses should be linked to a meat market located away from Vegetable, fish
or other food markets and shall be free from undesirable odour, smoke, dust or other contaminants. The premises
shall be located at elevated level in a sanitary place.
3. Premise requirements:
3.1 The slaughter house shall have a reception area/animal holding yard/resting yard, lairage, slaughter hall,
side halls for hide collection, paunch collection, offals collection, and separation, holding room for suspected/
condemned carcass, by-product harvesting, refrigeration room/cold room etc.
3.2 Every such establishment / Slaughter House shall make separate provision in the slaughter hall for the
slaughter of different species which are proposed to be slaughtered (like large animal viz; Cattle and Buffalo, Pigs
and small animals like Sheep & Goat) and for different methods of slaughter (like Halal, Jewish and Jhatka). After
every type of operation the slaughter house shall be cleaned, washed wiped/dried and sanitized thoroughly.
3.3 The slaughter house shall have separation between clean and dirty sections and shall be so organized that
from the introduction of a live animal into the slaughter house up to the emergence of meat and offal classed as fit
for human consumption there shall be a continuous forward movement without any possibility of reversal, intersection
or overlapping between the live animal meat, and between meat and bye products or waste.
98 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
3.4 The reception area/animal holding yard/ resting yard shall have facilities for watering and examining
animals before they are sent to holding pens/lairage. Animals suspected of contagious or infectious diseases shall
be segregated and kept in separate isolation pens which shall also be provided with arrangements for watering and
feeding. After confirmation for any notifiable disease, the designated Veterinary Authority shall notify the disease
as per the existing procedures. The resting yard must have overhead protective shelter.(This is not mandatory for
3.5 The lairage shall be adequate in size for the number of animals to be laired.
3.6 Separate space shall be provided for stunning (Wherever applicable), for collection of blood and for
dressing of the carcasses. The slaughtering of an animal shall not be done in the sight of other animals. The
dressing of the carcass shall not be done on the floor. Suitable hoists will be provided to hang the carcass before it
3.7 All the floors in lairage, slaughter halls, work rooms, hanging rooms shall be of impervious and nonslippery
3.8 The internal walls will be paved with impervious glazed tiles up to 1 meter height in case of poultry and
small ruminant animals and 5 meter height in case of large ruminant animals . The walls and floors should be epoxy
coated so as to avoid accumulation/absorption of dust, blood/meat particles, microbial/fungal growth.
3.9 Ceiling or roofs shall be so constructed and finished so as to minimise condensation, mould development,
flaking and accumulation of dirt.
3.10 Suitable and sufficient accommodation shall be provided for segregation, storage and disposal of
3.11 The establishments / Slaughter Houses shall be so constructed and maintained as to permit hygienic
3.12 Windows, doors and other openings suited to screening shall be fly proof. All doors shall have strong
springs so that they may close automatically.
3.13 All operations in connection with the preparation or packing of meat / meat food products shall be carried
out under hygienic conditions. No portion of the establishments / Slaughter Houses premises shall ever be used for
living or sleeping purposes unless it is separated from the factory by a wall.
3.14 There shall be efficient drainage and plumbing systems and all drains and gutters shall be properly and
permanently installed. There shall be provision for the disposal of refuse.
3.15 The drainage system for blood shall either be underground with facility for easy cleaning or a portable
receptacle with lid. All drainages will have traps and screens so as to prevent entry of scavengers like rats, mice,
3.16 The rooms and compartments where edible products are handled shall be separate and distinct from the
rooms and compartments for inedible products.
3.17 Suitable and separate space shall be provided for the storage of hides and skins. This room shall have a
3.18 A constant and sufficient supply of clean potable cold water with pressure hose pipes and supply of hot
water should be made available in the slaughter hall during working hours.
3.19 Suitable and sufficient facilities shall be provided for persons working in the slaughter house for changing
their clothes and cleaning their footwear, and cleaning their hands before entering rooms used for the preparation
and storage of meat.
3.20 Provision for latrines, toilets and change rooms will be made . Sufficient number of latrines, urinals,
washbasins and bathrooms for each sex shall be provided.
3.21 Suitable and sufficient facilities shall be provided in convenient places within the slaughter house for the
sterilisation of knives and sharpner (mushtala) and other equipment used in the slaughter house. The knives and
sharpner (mushtala) shall be of stainless steel only.
3.22 Whenever cooking is done on open fire, chimneys shall be provided for removal of smoke and soot.
3.23 Whenever the dressed meat is not used up for the preparation of meat food products and some portion
has to be stored without further immediate processing, such storage shall be in a room maintained at 0° C to 2°C.
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3.24 All slaughter house refuse and waste materials will be suitably processed to prepare animal bye products
or dumped in pits that are suitably covered so as to prevent its access to scavengers. For large slaughter houses, a
suitable provision of Effuent Treatment Plant will be made.
3.25 In case of small slaughter houses, waste material should be composted which can be used for manure
purpose and in case of large slaughter houses, waste material should be rendered (cooked) in a rendering plant to
produce meat, bone meal and inedible fats.
3.26 Suitable and sufficient facilities shall be provided for the isolation of meat requiring further examination
by the authorised veterinary officer in a suitable laboratory (within the premises of the slaughter house).
3.27 Consistent with the size of the factory and volume and variety of meat food products manufactured, a
laboratory shall be provided, equipped and staffed with qualified (chemist/analyst and Veterinary Microbiologist)
and trained personnel. The licensing authority shall accord approval of the laboratory after inspection.
3.28 The Chemist/analyst shall have passed graduation with Chemistry as one subject and the. Veterinary
Microbiologist shall be a qualified veterinarian with two years of experience in Meat analysis or having degree of
Master in Veterinary Public Health with specialization in Meat Hygiene.
3.29. Adequate natural or artificial lighting should be provided throughout the abattoir/ meat processing unit.
Where appropriate, the lighting should not alter colours and the intensity should not be less than 540 Lux (50 foot
candles) at all inspection points, 220 Lux (20 foot candles) in work rooms and 110 Lux (10 foot candles) in other areas.
Light bulbs and fixtures suspended over meat in any stage of production should be of safety type and protected to
prevent contamination of meat in case of breakage. As far as possible meat inspection shall be carried out in day
light. Every abattoir shall be provided with well distributed artificial light.
4. Sanitary Practices:
4.01 Every part of the internal surface above the floor or pavement of such slaughter house shall be washed
thoroughly with hot lime wash within the first 10 days of March, June, September and December. Every part of the
floor or pavement of the slaughter house and every part of the internal surface of every wall on which any blood or
liquid refuse or filth may have been spilt or splashed or with which any offensive or noxious matter have been
brought into contact during the process of slaughtering, dressing and cutting, shall be thoroughly cleaned, washed
with water, wiped/dried and disinfectant within three hours after the completion of slaughter.
4.02 Rooms and compartments in which animals are slaughtered or any product is processed or prepared shall
be kept sufficiently free from steam, vapours and moisture and obnoxious odours so as to ensure clean and hygienic
operations. This will also apply to overhead structures in those rooms and compartments.
4.03 All parts of the establishments / Slaughter Houses shall always be kept clean, adequately lighted and
ventilated and shall be regularly cleaned, and disinfected. The floorings shall be impervious and washed daily. Lime
washing, colour washing or painting as the case may be, shall be done at least once in every twelve months.
4.04 All yards, outhouses, stores and all approaches to the establishments / Slaughter Houses shall always be
kept clean and in a sanitary condition.
4.05 Suitable and sufficient receptacles furnished with closely fitted covers shall be provided for collection
and removal of all garbage, filth and refuse from the slaughter house at a convenient time to a place away from the
factory for disposal.
4.06 All blood , manure, garbage, filth or other refuse from any animal slaughtered and the hide, fat, viscera and
offal there from, shall be removed from the slaughter house within 8 hours after the completion of the slaughtering
and in such a manner and by such means as will not cause nuisance at the premises or elsewhere. Every such vessel
or receptacle shall be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected immediately after use and shall be kept thoroughly clean
when not in actual use.
4.07 The inner side of the skin shall not be rubbed or caused to be rubbed upon the ground within any portion
of the slaughter hall. Hides and skins shall not be dragged within the slaughter hall. No gut-scraping, tripe cleaning,
manufacture or preparation of meat food products, household washing of clothes or work of any nature other than
is involved in the slaughter and dressing of the carcass shall be permitted in any slaughter hall except in the
adjuncts to the slaughter hall intended for these products and purposes.
4.08 The premises shall be cleaned thoroughly with disinfectants, one day in advance of production of meat
food products and the equipments shall be sterilized/sanitized before use. The rooms and compartments in which
100 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
any meat food product is prepared or handled shall be free from dust and from odours emanating from dressing
rooms, toilet rooms, catch basins, hide cellars, casing rooms and livestock pens.
4.09 Every practicable precaution shall be taken to exclude flies, rats, mice and vermin from the establishments
/ Slaughter Houses. The use of poisons for any purpose in rooms or compartments where any unpacked product is
stored or handled is forbidden. The use of approved bait poisons in hide cellars, compartments where inedible
products are stored, outhouses or similar buildings containing canned products is, however, not forbidden.
4.10 It shall be ensured that dogs, cats or birds do not have access to the slaughter hall. Open areas in the
factory shall have covered wire rope netting to prevent carrion birds from access to the slaughter hall or the factory.
4.11 Water used in the establishments / Slaughter Houses shall be potable and suitable arrangements shall be
made for ensuring potability of water if bore well water is used for production of meat and meat products. If required
by the licensing authority, the water shall be got examined chemically and bacteriologic ally by a recognised
laboratory. The water quality shall comply the standards prescribed by the licensing Authority.
4.12 Warm meat' meant for immediate sale need not be stored in cool conditions. It can be transported in a
hygienic and sanitary condition in clean insulated containers with covers (lids) to the meat shops/selling units with
precautions to ensure that no contamination/cross contamination or deterioration takes place.
5. Equipment & Machinery:
5.1 The equipment and fittings in slaughter hall except for chopping blocks, cutting boards and brooms, shall
be of such material and of such construction as to enable them to be kept clean. The implements shall be of metal or
other cleanable and durable material resistant to corrosion.
5.2 No vessel, container or other equipment, the use of which is likely to cause metallic contamination
injurious to health shall be employed in the preparation, packing or storage of meat food products. (Copper or brass
vessels shall always be heavily lined. No iron or galvanised iron shall come in contact with meat food products).
6. Personnel Hygiene:
6.1 No person suffering from infectious or contagious diseases shall be allowed to work in the factory.
Arrangements shall be made to get the factory staff medically examined at such intervals as the licensing authority
deems fit, to ensure that they are free from infectious, contagious and other diseases. A record of these examinations
signed by a registered medical practitioner shall be maintained for inspection.
6.2 The staff shall be inoculated against the enteric group of diseases and a certificate thereof shall be kept for
6.3 In case of an epidemic, all workers should be inoculated or vaccinated.
6.4 The workers working in processing and preparation shall be provided with proper aprons and head wears
which shall be clean. The management shall ensure that all workers are neat, clean and tidy.
(a) Animal Welfare
Animal welfare is a major concern in meat production. It is essential that animals be reared, handled,
transported, and slaughtered using humane practices. A healthy and peaceful animal is an essential requirement
for hygienic slaughter and safety of the meat product.
Careful handling of animals during loading / unloading, transportation and at slaughtering helps in improving
the quality of meat and reduction in losses in the value of the carcass/meat.
1. Pre Slaughter Handling of Animal:
Livestock are transported en masse from the farm to the slaughterhouse, a process called "live export". Depending
on its length and circumstances, this exerts stress and injuries on the animals and some may die en route. Apart from being
inhumane, unnecessary stress in transport may adversely affect the quality of the meat. In particular, the muscles of
stressed animals are low in water and glycogen, and their pH fails to attain acidic values.
Transportation of Animals
Following requirements shall be satisfied for Transportation of Animals from a farm to the slaughter house.
1.0 General Conditions
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1.1 Only healthy animals in good condition shall be transported unless they are meant for emergency slaughter.
These animals should be certified by a qualified veterinary inspector for freedom from infectious diseases and ectoparasitic
diseases and their fitness to undertake the journey.
1.2 When animals are to be transported from endemic areas of a disease to non-endemic areas, the animals
should be given protective vaccination and kept in quarantine for 30 days, before transportation.
1.3 Female animals in advanced stages of pregnancy shall not be transported.
1.4 When transporting large animals particularly bears/bulls, special arrangements by providing suitable
partitions should be made to protect the animals from infighting. Similar arrangements should also be made to
protect the young ones from being crushed when they are transported.
1.5 To avoid exhaustion, the animals shall be given humane treatment and care during transportation. The
animals shall not be bound or chained during transit and space provided for them shall be large enough to stand or
1.6 An attendant along with first aid equipment shall accompany the animals in transit.
1.7 Before loading, the animals should not be fed heavily. Only light feed may be allowed. For journeys less
than 12 hours no feed need be carried but for longer journeys sufficient feed shall be carried to last during the
journey. Watering facilities shall be provided at regular intervals.
1.8 Light and heavy animals shall be separated by providing partitions; animals from different pens/sheds
shall not be mixed during transportation. Male stock shall not be transported with female stock (adults).
1.9 All vehicles should be inspected for safety, suitability and cleanliness before loading the animals. The
floor and walls should be undamaged and there should be no nails or sharp projections which may injure the
1.10 The Vehicles should be thoroughly sprayed with suitable disinfectant before loading the animals.
1.11 A layer of clean sand to cover the floor to a thickness of not less than 6 cm shall be provided. This layer
of sand shall be moistened with water during the summer months. During hot months arrangements shall be made
to sprinkle water on the animals at frequent intervals. In winter, a 2-cm layer of clean sand with another 6-cm layer of
whole-straw shall be provided.
1.12 Animals when driven for loading or unloading shall never be struck with stick. Driving could best be done
by soft-rubber pipe.
1.13 If animals are to be transported in extreme cold or hot climate, it is preferable to transport them in covered
Lorries on road so that they may not die or get exhausted or suffer from acute respiratory disease. Journey under
such adverse climate shall be minimised.
1.14 Each consignment should bear a label showing the following particulars:
a) Number and kind of the animals loaded;
b) Name, address and telephone number, if any, of the consignor;
c) Name address and telephone number, if any, of the consignee;
d) Instructions regarding feeding and watering.
2.1 Loading during extremes of temperatures shall be avoided.
2.2 Suitable ramp shall be provided for loading and unloading the animals. The floor of the ramp shall have cleats at
intervals, so that animals do not slip as they climb or descend. The ramp shall be covered with straw to avoid slipping. At
any time of loading and unloading the vehicle shall be kept clean to avoid slipping of animals. Bale
2.3 In case of railway wagons when loading is done on the platform, the door of the wagon may be used as ramp. In
such cases, bales or bags of hay, agricultural wastes etc. may be placed on the either side of the dropped door to prevent
the animals from getting their legs between the sides of the wagons and platform.
3.0 Space Requirements
3.1 Overcrowding shall be avoided. Each animal shall have enough space to lie down.
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3.2 Railway wagons shall not accommodate more animals than those specified in IS specifications.
3.3 The speed of truck transporting animals shall not exceed 40 kilometres per hour, avoiding jerks and jolts. The
truck shall not load any other merchandise and shall avoid unnecessary stops on the road.
3.4 For journeys, exceeding 12 hours, the animals shall be transported by railway. Loading shall be done by evening.
Animals are slaughtered by being first stunned and then exsanguinated (bled out). Stunning can be effected
through asphyxiating the animals with carbon dioxide, shooting them with a gun or a captive bolt pistol, or shocking them
with electric current.
Stunning before slaughter should be mandatory. By inducing unconsciousness and insensibility, stunning
can avoid and minimise reactions of fear and anxiety as well as pain, suffering and distress among the animals
concerned. Stunning methods induce temporary loss of consciousness and rely on prompt and accurate sticking
procedures to cause death.
It is important that the equipment utilized for stunning and slaughter is maintained in good working condition
and that all operators involved are well trained and have a positive attitude towards the welfare of animals.
Electrical stunning consists of passing electricity through the brain to produce instantaneous insensibility.
The following method of slaughter shall be considered humane:—
(i) Mechanical stunning of cattle may be carried out by one of three methods; captive bolt stunning,
mushroom head percussive stunning and pneumatic percussive stunning. For cattle, pneumatic stunning
should be preferred and the optimum position is that the centre of the stunner should contact the animal at a
point of intersection of lines drawn from the medial corners of the eyes and the base of the ears. The best
position for pigs is on the midline just above eye level, with the host directed down the line of the spinal cord.
The optimum position for sheep and goat is behind the poll, aiming towards the angle of the jaw. If an animal
shows signs of regaining consciousness after the initial stun, the animal must be immediately killed by the use
of a captive bolt gun.
(ii) Electrical stunning - Electrical Head Stunners may be preferred for sheep and goat where both
electrodes are placed on the head region. Water bath electrical stunning may be used for poultry birds. A low
and controlled voltage must be maintained so that the stunning will not damage the heart and brain or cause
physical disability and death to the animals. The minimum current level recommended for stunning are
indicated in the table below.
Species Minimum current levels for head-only stunning
Cattle 1.5 Amps
Calves (bovines of less than 6 month of age) 1.0 Amps
Pigs 1.25 Amps
Sheep and goats 1.0 Amps
Lambs 0.7 Amps
Broilers 100 milli Amps
Turkeys 150 milli Amps
(iii) Gas stunning - Stunning of pigs by exposure to carbon dioxide (CO2) may be preferred. The
concentration of CO2 should be 90% by volume but shall not be less than 80% by volume. Ideally pigs should
be exposed for 3 minutes. Sticking should be done immediately after exit from the gas chamber. Over-crowding
of animals should be avoided in the gas chamber.
5. Precautions for animal welfare:
(1) The floor of the slaughter area should not cause slipping or falling of animals.
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(2) Vocalization is an indicator of animal discomfort and need to be watched for.
(3) Use of electric pods for moving animal should be discouraged. Movement of animals can be managed by
grouping, use of plastic wrapped sticks etc.
(4) Pen stocking density should be monitored. All animals should have room to lie down simultaneously. The
condition of animals arriving for slaughter should be closely monitored so that injured, diseased animals are not
(5) High pitch sounds such as whistling and yelling should be avoided to spare distress to animals.
b. The following factors have been identified as critical to animal welfare:
(a) supervision and training of employees.
(b) Designing of animal transport cart and unloading bay.
(c) Proper construction of holding/resting pen, stunning box, maintenance of stunning equipment,
restraining systems, gates and other animal handling equipment.
(d) Avoiding distractions that make animals refuse to move.
(e) Monitoring the condition of animals arriving at the plant.
(f) Proper design of equipment in the slaughter house.
Keeping this in view, the following need to be observed to ensure humane treatment of animals brought for
Pre-slaughter handling of animal should be carefully done to reduce stress. Resting of the animals is
essential. Only animals which are disease free and in a condition to walk should be brought for
Distractions that impede animal movements such as, reflections, air blowing towards animals and
movement or high pitch noise, need to be avoided. Herding of animals should not be done through
electric prods but with the help of plastic bags or sticks.
A high standard of training is required for employees to ensure that the basic hygiene and safety
practices are followed while handling animals.
Equipment which is used for slaughter such as captive bolt stunner, gates, hooks etc should be kept
in good working condition and cleanliness of floors etc. needs to be ensured. There should be daily
check to ensure the smooth working of equipment and cleanliness of floors.
The condition of the animals arriving at the plant should be monitored. Animals which are injured or
not in a condition to walk should not be slaughtered.
Inspecting personnel should pay particular attention to these points to ensure reasonable standards
of animal welfare.
6. Poultry welfare:
The conditions under which broilers are housed and the way that they are managed during their growing
phase, transportation and slaughter are set down in several government/industry endorsed Model Codes of Practice
designed to safeguard their welfare.
A model welfare program needs to be developed for pick-up, transport and broiler/chicken processing sectors.
Processing unit shall incorporate elements of this welfare audit in their own quality plans and manuals.
A Model programme shall envisage following:
Poultry Suppliers and processors must have a documented program for poultry welfare envisaging following;
(a) Catching: Poultry intended for slaughter plant should be clean and in good health. Every reasonable
precaution should be taken to minimize injury to poultry. The catcher needs to be trained to this effect.
(b) Transport: For transport of poultry crates shall be in good repair. There shall be no crate/cage
damage that would allow injury to poultry or allow crates to accidentally open. Transport crates should not be
over-filled and enough space should be provided to allow all poultry to lie down.
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(c) Holding: Poultry held in storage sheds should be provided adequate ventilation and climate control
such as fans or curtains.
(d) Stunning: Stunning equipment should be properly maintained to confirm that poultry are insensible
prior to slaughter, and the time between stunning and slaughter should be limited to minimize any likelihood
that poultry may regain consciousness prior to slaughter.
Economic performance and welfare:
High standards of poultry welfare and high levels of flock performance and economic performance are not
incompatible - quite the contrary, they go hand in hand. It simply makes good economic sense as well as being in the
poultry's best interests to ensure that flocks are maintained in an environment, in which they are thermally comfortable,
protected from injury, fed optimally and kept healthy. Therefore, all measures described elsewhere to ensure that
chickens are kept in conditions which optimize their comfort (in terms of temperature, humidity, air flow and air
quality), in which they are provided with water, shelter, and a high quality diet that matches their physiological
needs, and which optimize their health have just as important effect in terms of poultry welfare as they do on the
overall efficiency of the farming operation.
Poultry health and welfare:
When producing chicken meat in a welfare-friendly manner it is also important that the poultry receive prompt
and appropriate medication and treatment to prevent and treat diseases if this should become necessary, and that
they do not suffer any unnecessary pain, distress, fear or physical injury. It is also important that sick or injured
poultry that cannot be adequately or successfully treated are culled quickly and in a humane manner so that they do
Humane slaughter (poultry):
While the chickens are reared specifically for human consumption and they therefore at some stage have to
be slaughtered, they should be slaughtered in a humane manner, and all poultry should be stunned (rendered
insensible to pain) prior to slaughter.
Slaughter equipment at all supply facilities should be properly maintained to confirm that the poultry are
7. Ante-mortem inspection
(1) All animals shall be rested before slaughter and shall be subjected to ante-mortem examination and inspection
well in advance of the time of slaughter.
(2) No animal which has been received into a slaughter hall for the purpose of being slaughtered shall be removed
from the slaughter hall before being slaughtered except with the written consent of the Qualified Veterinary Doctor. An
animal which, on inspection is found to be not fit for slaughter shall be marked as "suspect" and kept separately. Each
such animal shall be marked as "suspect" only by or under the personal supervision of the Qualified Veterinary Doctor
and the marking shall not be removed or obliterated except by the Qualified Veterinary Doctor himself.
(3) An animal showing signs of any disease at the time of ante-mortem inspection that would cause its carcass being
ultimately condemned on post-mortem shall be marked as "condemned" and rejected.
(4) An animal declared as "suspect" on ante-mortem inspection but which does not plainly show any disease or
condition that would cause its entire carcass to be condemned shall maintain its identity as "suspect" until its carcass and
all organs are finally inspected by the Qualified Veterinary Doctor.
(5) No animal in a febrile condition shall be permitted for slaughter. No suspect animal shall be slaughtered until all
other animals intended for slaughter on the same day have been slaughtered. All animals which, on ante-mortem inspection,
show symptoms of railroad sickness, parturient paresis, rabies, tetanus or any other communicable diseases shall be
marked as "condemned" and disposed of in accordance with the provisions contained in sub paragraph (8) below.
(6) Animals presented for slaughter and found in a dying condition on the premises of a factory due to recent
disease shall be marked as "condemned" and disposed of as provided for "condemned" animals.
(7) Every animal which, upon examination, is found to show symptoms of or is suspected of being diseased or
animals declared as "suspect" shall at once be removed for treatment to such special pen and kept there for observation
for such period as may be considered necessary to ascertain whether the animal is diseased or not.
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(8) All animals declared as "condemned" on ante-mortem inspection shall be marked as "condemned" and killed if
not already dead. Such carcasses shall not be taken into the factory to be slaughtered or dressed, nor shall they be
conveyed into any department of the factory used for edible products.
8. Post-mortem inspection—
1. A careful and detailed post-mortem examination and inspection of the carcasses and parts thereof of all animals
slaughtered shall be made soon after slaughter. All organs and parts of the carcasses and blood to be used in the
preparation of meat food products shall be held in such a manner as to preserve their identity till the completion of the
post-mortem inspection so that they can be identified in the event of the carcasses being condemned.
2. Every carcass including all detached parts and organs thereof which show evidence of any condition which will
render the meat or any part or organ unfit for human consumption and which for that reason may require subsequent
inspection, shall be retained by the Qualified Veterinary Doctor. The identity of such carcass including the detached parts
and organs thereof shall be maintained until the final inspection is completed. Retained carcasses, detached parts and
organs thereof shall be maintained until the final inspection is completed. Retained carcasses, detached parts and organs
thereof shall in no case be washed, trimmed or mutilated in any manner unless otherwise authorized by the Qualified
3. No air shall be blown by mouth into the tissues of any carcass or part of a carcass.
4. Every carcass or part thereof which has been found to be unfit for human consumption shall be marked by the
Qualified Veterinary Doctor as "Inspected and condemned".
5. All such condemned carcasses, parts and organs thereof shall remain in the custody of the Qualified Veterinary
Doctor pending disposal at or before the close of the day on which they are marked "Inspected and condemned" in
accordance with sub-paragraphs (11),(12) and (13) below.
6. Carcasses, parts and the organs thereof found to be sound, wholesome, healthful and fit for human consumption
shall be marked as "Inspected and passed".
7. Carcasses found affected with anthrax before evisceration shall not be eviscerated but condemned and disposed
of immediately in accordance with sub-paragraph (12) below. Any part of a carcass contaminated with anthrax infected
material through contact with soiled instruments or otherwise shall be immediately condemned and disposed of as
provided in sub-paragraph (12) below.
8. The portion of the slaughtering department including equipment, employees' boots and aprons, etc., contaminated
by contact with anthrax material shall be cleaned and thoroughly disinfected immediately.
9. When on inspection only a portion of a carcass on account of slight bruises is decided to be condemned, either
the bruised portion shall be removed immediately and disposed of in accordance with sub-paragraph (13) below or the
carcass shall be retained and kept till such time it is chilled and the bruised portion removed and disposed of as provided
10. Post-mortem inspection shall be a detailed one and shall cover all parts of the carcass, the viscera, lymph glands
and all organs and glands.
11. The post-mortem inspection shall be in accordance with the general rules laid down for such inspection in public
slaughter houses under the control of local bodies besides special instructions that may be issued from time to time by the
12. All condemned carcasses, organs or parts thereof shall be completely destroyed in the presence of the Qualified
Veterinary Doctor by incineration or denatured, after being slashed freely with a knife, with crude carbolic acid, cresylicdisinfectant
or any other prescribed agent unless such carcasses, organs or parts thereof are sterilized for the preparation
of bone-cum-meat meal before leaving the slaughter house premises, subject to sub-paragraph (13) below.
13. Carcasses, organs or parts thereof condemned on account of anthrax shall be disposed of either by (i) complete
incineration or (ii) thorough denaturing with prescribed denaturant in the manner prescribed in the foregoing paragraphs
and also in accordance with the rules and regulations prescribed by the local authority.
14. Destruction of condemned carcasses, organs or parts thereof shall be carried out under the direct supervision of
the Qualified Veterinary Doctor.
15. If in the opinion of the Qualified Veterinary Doctor a carcass, organ or part thereof is to be held back for further
detailed examination, the carcass, organ or part concerned shall not be released till the examination in detail is completed
by the Qualified Veterinary Doctor and it is declared thereafter by him as fit. When it is to be detained for detailed
106 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
examination, the carcass, organ or part thereof shall be marked as "Held". If on subsequent inspection, the carcass, organ
or part thereof is found to be unwholesome and unfit for human food, the Qualified Veterinary Doctor shall mark such a
carcass, organ or part thereof as "condemned" and shall dispose it of as described in the foregoing paragraphs.
a. Sanitary and Hygienic Requirements for Meat processing units
Following Sanitary and Hygienic requirements shall be satisfied by the meat processing unit.
1.1 Meat processing unit should be located in areas not subjected to regular and frequent flooding and
free from objectionable odours, smoke dust and other contaminants;
1.2 Roadways and areas serving the meat processing unit which are within its boundaries or in its
immediate vicinity should have a hard paved surface suitable for wheeled traffic. There should be adequate
drainage and provision for cleaning;
1.3 Where appropriate, meat processing unit should be so designed that access can be controlled.
2. Building and Facilities:
2.1 The meat processing unit should provide adequate working space for the satisfactory performance
of all operations.
2.2 The construction should be sound and ensure adequate ventilation, good natural or artificial lighting
and easy cleaning.
2.3 The meat processing unit should be laid out and equipped so as to facilitate proper supervision of
meat hygiene including performance of inspection and control;
2.4 The meat processing unit should be of such construction as to protect against the entrance and
harbouring of insects, birds, rodents or other vermin as well as the entry of environmental contaminants such
as smoke, dust etc.
2.5 Buildings and facilities should be designed to provide separation by partition, location or other
effective means, between those operations which may cause cross-contamination;
2.6 Meat processing unit should be laid out and equipped so as to ensure, that edible meat does not
come into contact with floors, walls or other fixed structures, except those which are specifically designed for
contact with meat;
2.7 The construction and lay out of any chilling room, freezing room, freezer store or freezer should
satisfy the requirements of these rules;
2.8 In meat handling areas :
— Floors should be of waterproof, non-absorbent, washable non-slippery and made of nontoxic
materials, without crevices and should be easy to clean and slope sufficiently for liquids to drain
to trapped outlets;
— Walls should be of waterproof, non-absorbent, washable and nontoxic materials and should be
light coloured. Up to a height of at least 1.5 metres, they should be smooth and without crevices,
and should be easy to clean , space between walls and ceilings should be sealed and covered to
— Ceilings should be so designed, constructed and finished as to prevent any accumulation of dirt
and minimize condensation, mould development and flaking and should be easy to clean;
— Windows and other openings should be so constructed as to avoid accumulation of dirt and
those which open should be fitted with insect screen. Screens should be easily movable for
cleaning and kept in good repair. Internal window sills, if present, should be sloped to prevent use
— Doors should have smooth, non-absorbent surfaces and where appropriate, be self-closing and
close fitting; and
— Stairs, lift cages and auxiliary structures such as platforms, ladders, chutes, should be so situated
and constructed as not to cause contamination of meat. They should be capable of being effectively
cleaned. Chutes should be constructed with inspection and cleaning hatches;
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2.9 The use of construction materials which cannot be adequately cleaned and disinfected such as
wood, should be avoided unless its use would clearly not be a source of contamination, and
2.10 Office accommodation should be provided for the use of the meat inspection agency.
3. Sanitary Facilities:
3.1 Water Supply:
3.1.1. Supply of potable water under pressure should be available with facilities for its storage, where necessary
for distribution, and with protection against contamination;
3.1.2. An supply of hot potable water should be available at all times during working hours;
Note - This provision is intended to cover water for both cleaning purposes and the destruction of
microorganisms (especially those pathogenic to man) on knives, utensils etc., and coming into direct contact with
meat. For cleaning purposes the temperature of the water should be 65 degree Celsius. The hot water for disinfection
purposes should be at 82 degree Celsius and dispensed in such a way (e.g. in specially designed boxes near the
working area) that blades of knives etc., can be submerged in the water for a contact time (no less than two minutes).
Often this water supply is separate from other hot water supplies used for cleaning, hand washing etc. But if there
is only one hot water supply the term "adequate" should mean that even at times where large amounts of hot water
is used (e.g. during cleaning operations) the water supply from any tap in the establishment should not be decreased;
3.1.3 Ice should be made from potable water and should be manufactured, handled and stored so as to protect
it from contamination; and
3.1.4 Steam used in contact directly with meat should be produced from potable water and contain no substances
which may be hazardous to health or may contaminate the food.
3.2 Effluent and Waste Disposal - Meat processing unit should have an efficient effluent and waste disposal system.
All effluent lines (including sewer systems) should be large enough to carry peak loads and should be constructed in such
a manner as to avoid contamination of potable water supplies. Biological oxygen demand level shall be less than 1500, and
for that an effluent treatment plant, if necessary may be installed.
3.3 Facilities for Storage of Waste and Inedible Material. - Facilities should be provided for the storage of waste and
inedible material prior to removal from the establishment. These facilities should be designed to prevent access to waste
or inedible material by pests and to avoid contamination of food, potable water and equipment or building.
3.4 Changing Facilities and Toilets.- Suitable and conveniently located changing facilities and toilets should be
provided in all establishments. Toilets should be so designed as to ensure hygienic removal of waste matter. These areas
should be well lit and ventilated and should not open directly on to food handling areas. Hand washing facilities with
warm or hot and cold water with suitable hygienic means of drying hands should be provided adjacent to toilets and in
such a position that the employee must pass them when returning to the processing area. Where hot and cold water are
available, mixing taps should be provided. Where paper towels are used, a sufficient number of dispensers and receptacles
should be provided near to each washing facility. Taps of non-hand operable type are preferable. Notices should be
posted directing personnel to wash their hands after using the toilets.
3.5 Hand Washing Facilities in Processing Areas:
3.5.1 Adequate and conveniently located facilities for hand washing and drying should be provided wherever
the process demands. Where appropriate, facilities for hand disinfection should be provided. The facilities should
be furnished with properly trapped waste pipes leading to drains.
3.5.2 All rooms used for deboning, preparing, packing or other handling of meat should be equipped with
adequate facilities for cleaning and disinfecting implements, conveniently located for the use of personnel during
operations. These facilities are for use exclusively in the cleaning and disinfection of knives, steels, cleavers, saws
and other implements.
3.5.3 All facilities for cleaning and disinfecting implements should be of such nature and sizes as to permit
proper cleaning and disinfection of implements . These facilities should be constructed of corrosion - resistant
materials and should be capable of being easily cleaned.
3.5.4 All facilities for cleaning and disinfecting of implements should be fitted with suitable means of supplying
hot water in sufficient quantity at all times while meat is being handled in that part of the Meat Processing Unit.
108 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
3.5.5 Lighting - Adequate natural or artificial lighting should be provided throughout the meat processing
unit. Where appropriate, the lighting should not alter colours and the intensity should not be less than
540 Lux (50 foot candles) at all inspection points.
220 Lux (20 foot candles) in work rooms.
110 Lux (10 foot candles) in other areas.
Light bulbs and fixtures suspended over meat in any stage of production should be of a safety type and
protected to prevent contamination of meat in case of breakage.
3.6 Ventilation - Ventilation should be provided to prevent excessive heat, steam condensation, dust and to remove
contaminated air. The direction of the air flow should never be from a dirty area to clean area. Ventilation openings should
be provided with an insect screen or other protective enclosure of non-corrodible material. Screens should be easily
removable for cleaning.
4. Equipment and Utensils :
4.1 Materials - All equipments, implements and utensils used in establishments which come into contact with
exposed meat and meat products should present a smooth impervious surface and be resistant to corrosion and should be
made of material which is non-toxic, does not transmit odour or taste, is free from pits and crevices, is non-absorbent and
capable of withstanding repeated exposure to normal cleaning and disinfection. Such equipment should be so constructed
that they may be easily cleaned.
4.2 Sanitary Design, Construction and Installation:
4.2.1 All equipments and utensils should be so designed and constructed as to prevent hygiene hazards and
permits easy and thorough cleaning and disinfection and where practicable be visible for inspection. Stationary
equipment should be installed in such a manner as to permit easy access and thorough cleaning.
4.2.2 Containers for inedible material and waste should be leak proof, constructed of non-corrosive metal or
other suitable impervious materials which should be easy to clean or disposable and where appropriate, able to be
closed securely; and
4.2.3 All refrigerated spaces should be equipped with temperature measurement or recording devices.
4.3 Equipment Identification - Equipment and utensils used for inedible material or waste should be so
identified and should not be used for edible products.
5. Hygiene Requirements :
5.1 Maintenance. The buildings, rooms, equipment and all other physical facilities of the meat processing unit,
including drains, should be maintained in good repair and in orderly condition. Except for rooms where meat processing
or cleaning operations are performed, they should be free from steam, vapour and surplus water.
5.2 Cleaning and Disinfection - Cleaning and disinfection should meet the following requirements :
(i) Amenities provided for the use of employee and the inspection service including changing facilities, toilets
and the inspection office space should be kept clean at all times.
(ii) If rooms, intended and most of the time used for the handling, preparation, processing, packaging on
storage of meat, are used for any other food preparation purposes, then cleaning and disinfection are necessary
immediately before and after such use.
(iii) The temperature in rooms for boning out and trimming should be controlled and held suitably low, unless
cleaning of equipment and utensils are carried out at least every four hours;
(iv) To prevent contamination of meat, all equipments, implements, tables, utensils including knives, cleaves,
knife pouches, saws, mechanical instruments and containers should be cleaned at frequent intervals during the day
and immediately cleaned and disinfected whenever they come into contact with diseased material, infective material
or otherwise become contaminated. They shall also be cleaned and disinfected at the conclusion of each working
(v) If any skip or trolley or any container used in a department where edible material is handled, enters an area
where inedible material is handled it should be cleaned and disinfected immediately before re-entering the edible
¹Hkkx III—[k.M 4º Hkkjr dk jkti=k % vlk/kj.k 109
(vi) Immediately after the cessation of work for the day or at such other times as may be required, the floors
and wails should be cleaned to remove contamination. Floor drains should be kept in good condition and repair with
strainers in place; and
(vii) Roadways and yards in the immediate vicinity of and serving the meat processing unit should be kept
5.3 Hygiene Control Programme.-It is desirable that each meat processing unit in its own interest designates a single
individual whose duties are diverted from production, to be held responsible for the cleanliness of the meat processing
unit. His staff should be a permanent part of the organisation or employed by the organisation and should be well trained
in the use of special cleaning tools, methods of dismantling the equipment for cleaning and in the significance of
contamination and the hazards involved. A permanent cleaning and disinfection schedule should be drawn up to ensure
that all parts of the meat processing unit are cleaned appropriately and that critical areas, equipment and material and
designed for cleaning and/or disinfection daily or more frequently if required.
5.4 Storage and Disposal of Waste - Waste material should be handled in such a manner so as to exclude contamination
of food or potable water. Precautions should be taken to prevent access to waste by pests. Waste should be removed from
the meat handling and other working areas at intervals and at least daily. Immediately after disposal of the waste, receptacles
used for storage and any equipment which has come into contact with the taste should be cleaned and disinfected. At
least daily the waste storage area should also be cleaned and disinfected.
5.5 Dogs, cats or other pet animals should be not allowed to enter meat processing unit.
6. Pest Control
6.1 There should be an effective and continuous programme for the control of insects, birds, rodents or other
vermin. Meat processing unit and surrounding areas should be regularly examined for evidence of infestation.
6.2 Should pests gain entrance to the meat processing unit or surrounding areas, eradication measures should be
instituted. Control measures involving treatment with physical or chemical or biological agents should only be undertaken
by or under direct supervision of personnel who have a thorough understanding of the potential hazards to health
resulting from the use of these agents, including those which may arise from residues retained in the product. Such
measures should be carried out in accordance with the recommendation of the official agency having jurisdiction and with
the full knowledge of its inspector, and
6.3 Pesticides should only be employed if other precautionary methods cannot be used effectively. Only pesticides
approved for use in the meat processing unit by competent authority should be used and the greatest care should be
exercised to prevent any contamination of the meat equipment or utensils. Before pesticides are applied all meat should be
removed from the room and all equipment and utensils should be thoroughly washed prior to being used again.
6.4 Handling and Storage of Hazardous substances - Pesticides or other substance which may represent a hazard
should be labelled with a warning about their toxicity and use. Except as required for purpose of hygiene such substance
which may contaminate meat packing material and ingredients should be handled and stored in a part of the meat
processing unit which is not used for preparation, processing, handling, packing or storage of meat. They should be
handled and dispensed only by authorised and properly trained personnel. Extreme care should be taken to avoid
contamination of meat. However, materials employed in the construction and maintenance of an establishment may be
used at any time with the approval of Food Safety Officer.
6.5 Personal Effects and Clothing : - Personal effects and clothing should not be deposited in meat handling areas.
6.6 Maintenance Tools - Cleaning and maintenance tools and products should not be stored in meat handling area.
7. Personnel Hygiene and Health Requirements :
7.1 Medical examination - Persons who come into contact with meat in the course of their work should have a medical
examination prior to their employment. Medical examination of a meat handler shall be carried out routinely and when
clinically or epidemiologically indicated, at least once in 12 months.
7.2 Communicable Diseases - The management should take care to ensure that no person, while known or suspected
to be suffering from, or to be a carrier of a disease likely to be transmitted through meat or while afflicted with infected
wounds, skin infections, sores or with diarrhoea, is permitted to work in any area in any capacity in which there is any
likelihood of such a person directly or indirectly contaminating meat with pathogenic microorganisms. Any person so
affected should immediately report to the management that he is ill.
110 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
7.3 Injuries - Any person who is cut or injured should discontinue working with meat and until he is suitably
bandaged should not be engaged in any meat processing unit in the preparation, handling, packing or transportation of
meat. No person working in any meat processing unit should wear exposed bandage unless the bandage is completely
protected by a water proof covering which is conspicuous in colour and is of such a nature that it cannot become
accidentally detached. first aid facilities should be provided for this purpose.
7.4 Washing of Hands : Every person engaged in a meat handling area should wash his hands frequently and
thoroughly with a suitable hand cleaning preparation under running potable water while on duty. Hands should always be
washed before commencing work, immediately after using the toilets, after handling contaminated material and whenever
else necessary. After handling diseased or suspect materials hands should be washed and disinfected immediately.
Notices requiring hand-washing should be displayed.
8. Personnel Cleanliness:
8.1 Every person engaged in an area in meat processing unit where meat is handled should maintain a high degree
of personnel cleanliness while on duty, and should at all times while so engaged wear suitable protective clothing
including head covering and foot wear, all of which should be washed unless designed to be disposed and which should
be maintained in a clean condition consistent with the nature of the work in which the person is engaged.
8.2 Aprons and similar items should not be washed on the floor; and
8.3 Such items should not be left on equipment in the working area.
8.4 Personal Behavior : Any behavior which can potentially contaminate the meat such as eating, use of tobacco,
chewing, spitting, should be prohibited in any part of meat processing unit used for the preparation, handling, packaging
or transportation of meat.
8.5 Visitors: Every person who visits an area in any meat processing unit where meat is handled should wear clean
protective clothing and head cover.
b) Sanitary &Hygienic Requirements for the Retail Meat Shops
For ensuring the hygiene and safety of meat being sold at retail meat shops, the following requirements
should be followed under the supervision of the qualified Veterinary staff.
1. Location of Meat Shop
1. The meat shop / sale outlet should preferably be a unit of meat market located away from Vegetable, fish or other
food markets and shall be free from undesirable odour, smoke, dust or other contaminants. Wherever a meat market is not
available, individual meat shop can be set up considering the above factors, which have a direct bearing on the hygiene
conditions of the premises and health of consumers.
(a) The minimum distance between the licensed meat shop and any place of worship should not be less than
(b) The condition of 100 meters distance will apply in case the premises situated directly opposite to the entry
gate of religious place of any community.
2. All the meat shops located in the vicinity of religious places shall be fitted with black glass doors, which must be
kept closed all times except in case of entry or exit. It must be the responsibility of the meat shop owners to maintain a high
standard of hygiene not only inside the shops, but also in the way leading to the shops road pavements or other adjoining
place, particularly for insanitary materials originating from the meat business for example, blood, part of offal, meat scraps
2. Size of Meat Shops
2.1 Considering the constraints of commercial space in residential areas in concerned Panchayats / Municipalities
the size of meat shops may vary according to the size of business and activities being carried out there in the meat shops.
2.2 The height of shop in all above categories of meat shops should be not less than 3 meters, while in case of airconditioned
meat shops, it should not be less than 2.5 meters.
3.01 The premises shall be structurally sound. The walls up to the height of minimum 5 feet from the floor level shall
be made of impervious concrete material (e.g. glazed tiles or hygienic panels, etc.) for easy washing and cleaning purposes.
¹Hkkx III—[k.M 4º Hkkjr dk jkti=k % vlk/kj.k 111
3.02 The floor should be made of impervious and non-slippery materials with a slope for easy cleaning and removal
of filth, waste and dirty water. The slope of the floor shall not be less than 5 cm. for a floor of 3 meters.
3.03 All the fittings in the stall should be of non-corroding and non-rusting type.
3.04 All processing tables, racks, shelves, boards, etc. shall have zinc/aluminium/stainless steel/marble-granite top
to facilitate proper cleaning.
3.05 A sign board indicating the type of meat sold shall be displayed prominently. Nothing else but meat should be
sold at the premises.
3.06 The premises should have provision of sewer connection for drainage of wastewater.
3.07 There should be provision of continuous supply of potable water inside the premises. In case the water supply
is from bore well the arrangement for softening of water for making the same potable shall be made in the premises and
intermittent store arrangement should be made.
3.08 The door of the shop should be of self-closing type. The door of the shop should be of dark glass top and be
kept closed. No carcasses should be kept in a manner so as to be seen by the public from outside.
4.01 The meat shop should be ventilated with facility of cross ventilation and may be provided with at-least one
electric fan and one exhaust fan.
4.02 The rails and hanging hooks, if provided for hanging carcasses, should be of non-corrosive metal. The noncorrosive
hanging hooks for carcasses shall be 30 cm. apart and the distance between rails shall be 60 to 70 cm. depending
upon the size of animals slaughtered and carcasses hanged.
5. Equipment and Accessories
5.01 The meat shop should have suitable arrangement for fly proofing in the form of air-curtains, flytraps, etc.
5.02 It should have display cabinet type refrigerator of size for maintaining a temperature of 4 to 8 degrees C. or
freezing cabinet if the meat is to be stored for more than 48 hours.
5.03 The weighing scales used shall be of a type which obviates unnecessary handling and contamination and the
plate sketch of the scale shall be made of stainless steel or nickel coated
5.04 The knives, tools and hooks used shall be made of stainless steel. Sufficient cupboards or racks should be for
storing knives, hooks, clothes and other equipments.
5.05 There should be a provision of geysers in all the meat shops to have hot water at a temperature not less than 82
degree C to clean the premises and equipment used in meat shop.
5.06 Washbasin made of stainless steel / porcelain shall be provided with liquid soap dispenser or other soap and
nail brush for thorough cleaning of hands.
5.07 The chopping block should be of food-grade synthetic material, which does not contaminate the meat. If the
block is of wooden it should be of hardwood trunk, which is solid enough and should not contaminate the meat.
5.08 A waste bin with a pedal operated cover shall be provided in the premises for collection of waste material.
6.01 The transportation of carcasses from the slaughter house to the premises shall be done under hygienic
conditions in boxes of adequate size linked with zinc/aluminium/stainless steel or wire gauze meat safes, which must be
6.02 The transportation of carcasses from the slaughter house to the meat shops should be done in insulated
refrigerated vans. Under no circumstances, carcasses will be transported in vehicles used for commuting of human
beings, or in an exposed condition.
7. Pest Control
7.01 The meat shop should have an effective and continuous programme for control of insects, rodents or other
vermin within the premises. The surrounding area of the shop should also be free from insects, birds, rodents and other
112 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
7.02 The pest control measures adopted by the owner of shop should be kept as a record in the premises to be
shown to any officer of the concerned Panchayats / Municipalities responsible for local administration/Corporation at the
time of inspection.
7.03 Chlorinated hydrocarbons, organo-phosphorus compounds and synthetic perithroids, rodenticides etc should
neither be used as pesticide nor shall be stored at the meat shop.
7.04 No live animals or birds should be allowed inside or adjacent to the meat shops.
8. Personnel Hygiene
8.01. Every person employed for meat handling at the meat shop shall be medically examined annually by a authorized
registered medical practitioner and examination shall include examination of sputum and x-ray of the chest for tuberculosis.
The medical examination shall also include examination of stool for protozoal and helminthic infestations for those
parasites, which are transmitted by ingestion, and also for the presence of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli, Salmonella,
Shigella spieces and Vibrio cholera.
8.02. A certificate / records of medical fitness of all workers handling meat should be kept as a record in the premises
to be shown to any officer of the concerned Panchayats / Municipalities responsible for local administration / Corporation
at the time of inspection.
8.03. No worker suspected to be suffering from fever, vomiting, diarrhoea, typhoid, dysentery or boils, cuts and
sores and ulcers (however small) shall be permitted to work in the meat shops.
8.04 All the workers of the meat shop shall keep their finger nails short and clean and wash their hands with soap or
detergent and hot water before commencement of work and after each absence, especially after using sanitary conveniences.
8.05. Eating, spitting, nose cleaning or the use of tobacco in any form or chewing betel leaves shall be prohibited
within the premises of meat shop processing, packing and storage area of the unit. "No smoking "and "No Spitting
"boards shall be prominently displayed in the shop.
9. Sanitary Practices
9.01 The chopping block should be sanitized daily by covering its top with sea-salt, after cleaning it with hot
water at close of business activity.
9.02 The floor should be washed with appropriate disinfectant / detergent / sanitizer at the start and close of
the business each working day.
9.03 There should be high standard of cleanliness and tidiness in the working area of shop with no organic or
other material lying on the floor.
9.04 The refrigerated / freezing cabinet should be regularly cleaned and well maintained.
9.05 Slaughtering of animal / birds inside the shop premises should be strictly prohibited.
9.06 The carcasses shall not be allowed to be covered with wet-clothes.
9.07 Wholesome meat obtained from the authorized slaughter house shall only be sold at the meat shops and
a record thereof shall be kept in the premises to be shown to any officer of the concerned Panchayats / Municipalities
responsible for local administration Corporation at the time of inspection.
9.08 Waste bins should be emptied, transported for disposal as per the arrangements made by the concerned
Panchayats / Municipalities and waste bin / dhalau ( burial pits) shall be treated daily with a disinfectant.
9.09 The premises shall not be used for residential purposes nor it shall communicate with any residential
quarter. No personal belonging like clothing, bedding, shoes etc. shall be kept in the premises. Only dressed
carcasses of clean meat shall be stored at the premises.
9.10 Hides, skins, hoofs, heads and unclean gut will not be allowed to be stored in the premises at any time.
9.11 The chopping instruments should be cleaned with hot water at a temperature of 82 degree C.
9.12 The preparation of food of any type inside the meat sale outlet should be strictly prohibited.
9.13 The meat obtained from unauthorized sources or unstamped meat is liable to be confiscated and destroyed.
9.14 Waste of the meat shop to be disposed of packed in heavy polythene bags in dhalaos (burial pits).
¹Hkkx III—[k.M 4º Hkkjr dk jkti=k % vlk/kj.k 113
10. Other Requirements
10.01 The prepared meat shall be packed in waxed paper and then placed in polyethylene bags or packed directly in
bags made of food grade plastics.
10.02 Failure to comply with any of these instructions may entail legal action against the defaulters, and even result
in cancellation of license by the appropriate authority of the concerned Panchayats/Municipalities/Corporation.
10.03 No Objection Certificate from law and order point of view to be obtained from police department or the
concerned Panchayats/Municipalities/Corporation before grant of license for buffalo meat and pork shop.
10.04 The concerned Panchayats/Municipalities responsible for local administration in the country shall appoint
qualified Veterinary staff for the meat inspection (Ante mortem and Post mortem inspection) or if regular staff cannot be
made available or deployed for the purpose shall make contractual arrangements for availing the services of qualified
Veterinary staff for meat inspection available with the Animal Husbandry Depts. of the concerned state/UT in the country.
10.05 Retail meat shop license shall be granted subject to fulfillment of all the above technical and administrative
instructions in relation to the trade.
Part - V
Specific Hygienic and Sanitary Practices to be followed by Practices to be followed by Food Business Operators
engaged in catering / food service establishments
In addition to Part-II the Catering/ food Service establishment in which food is being handled, processed,
manufactured, stored, distributed and ultimately sold to the customers and the persons handling them should conform to
the sanitary and hygienic requirement, food safety measures and other standard as specified below.
It includes premises where public is admitted for repose or for consumption of any food or drink or any place where
cooked food is sold or prepared for sale. It includes:
(a) Eating Houses
(b) Restaurants & Hotels
(c) Snack Bars,
(d) Canteens (Schools, Colleges, Office, Institutions)
(e) Food Service at religious places
(f) Neighbourhood Tiffin Services / dabba walas
(g) Rail and airline catering
(h) Hospital catering
I. GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICES FOR WHOLE PREMISE
I. Food Preparation Areas
The following rules apply to rooms where food is prepared. There will be no smoke nuisance in the food
preparation area. Wherever cooking or frying of any kind is being done, a chimney having appropriate suction
capacity as per the size of the kitchen has to be installed prior to start of business.
II . Hand washing facilities and toilets
(1) Adequate number of wash-hand basins made of porcelain/stainless steel shall be provided along with
soap to wash hands, with hot and cold running water, and materials for cleaning hands and drying them hygienically.
Clean and dry towels shall be kept for the use of customers.
(2) Separate sinks must be provided, where necessary, for washing raw food and cleaning equipment.
(3) Sinks with a draining board, detergent and hot water shall be provided to ensure proper cleaning of
utensils, crockery and cutlery there will be a separate place for washing pots and pains.
2. Changing facilities:
Facilities for staff to change their clothes, where necessary must be provided.
114 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
II. GOOD FOOD HYGIENE PRACTICES
Food areas and equipment between different tasks, especially after handling raw food shall be cleaned.
The surface shall be thoroughly cleaned in case if somebody spills food / water / drink.
A systematic cleaning schedule and instructions has to be developed by the FBO.
Food handlers should strictly follow the systematic cleaning schedule to make sure that surfaces and
equipment are cleaned when they need to be.
The schedule should include:
what needs to be cleaned
how often it needs to be cleaned
how the cleaning should be done
Cleaning instructions should indicate:
what cleaning products should be used
how the products should be stored ( away from raw, cooked, packed food) and used
how much they should be used or diluted
how long that should be left in contact with the surface (following the manufacturer's instructions)
2. Raw materials
1. Raw materials shall be purchased from reliable and known dealers and checked for visible deterioration &
2. There should be no physical hazards and foreign body contamination.
1. Raw paste, sauces etc. should be stored in properly covered containers made of food grade material and
checked regularly for fungal growth, deterioration etc.
Preparation of fruits/ vegetables:
(1) Fruits and vegetables that have been protected from cross-contamination and properly conserved should
(3) Whole fruits and vegetables should be washed in potable water before being cut, mixed with other
ingredients. Uncooked, ready-to-eat fruits & vegetables should be with 50 ppm chlorinated water before cutting,
peeling or serving.
(4) Fruits and vegetables should be peeled, squeezed and/or cut, as appropriate, with clean equipment/
utensils made of non-absorbent food grade materials.
(5) Previously prepared fruits/vegetables should be kept in clean and properly covered food grade containers
under refrigeration or at a maximum temperature suitable for the product in question.
Preparation of Non-veg. Products:—
(1) Raw meat and processed meat should be separated from other foods; items and surfaces.
(2) Separate items (e.g. cutting boards, dishes, knives) and preparation area for raw meats and poultry and
marine products should be used to avoid cross contamination of food.
(3) Hands should be thoroughly washed before switching from preparing raw meat or poultry or marine
products to any other activity.
(4) Ensure proper cooking of all non vegetarian products.
(5) Used surfaces should be washed with antibacterial cleaning agent, rinsed properly with water and sanitized
after preparing raw meat/poultry.
(6) Ensure that frozen products are thawed as per point no. 9 under special requirements for high risk foods.
¹Hkkx III—[k.M 4º Hkkjr dk jkti=k % vlk/kj.k 115
(a) The preparation/ processing/ cooking should be adequate to eliminate and reduce hazards to an acceptable
level which might have been introduced at the raw food level.
(b) The preparation/ processing/ cooking methods should ensure that the foods are not re- contaminated.
(c) The preparation/ processing/ cooking of veg. & non-veg. products should be segregated.
(d) Whenever cooking or reheating of food is done, it should be hot all the way through, It is especially
important to make sure that food is cooked thoroughly.
(e) Re-use of cooking oil should be avoided.
(f) Food hot held at 60°c and cooled at 21°c within 2 hrs or cooled to 5°c in 4 hours and thereafter refrigerated
might be reheated.
(g) Reheated food must reach a minimum internal temperature of 74°C.When using microwave to reheat, food
must reach a minimum temperature of 74°C and stayed covered for 5 mins to allow the temperature to equilibrate.
(h) Reheat food quickly in ovens, steamer, microwave oven and/or on top of range in a steam kettle.
(i) Never reheat food on a steam table, in a bain marie, in a bun drawer and/or under a heat lamp.
(j) In case of reheating of oil use maximum three times to avoid the formation of trans fat. It is ideal to use once
Semi cooked or cooked dishes and other ready-to-eat foods such as prepared salads and desserts having
short shelf life should not be left standing at room temperature.
Chilled food intended for consumption should be cold enough.
Food items that need to be chilled should be put straight away into the fridge.
Cooked food should be cooled as quickly as possible and then put it in the fridge.
Chilled food should be processed in the shortest time possible.
Fridge and display units should be cold enough and as per requirement.
In practice, fridge should be set at 5?C to make sure that food is kept in chilled condition. Also, fridge and
display units should be maintained in good working condition to avoid food spoilage and contamination.
Following should be done to avoid cross - contamination.
Raw food/ meat/poultry and ready-to-eat foods should be kept separate at all times.
Hands should be thoroughly washed after touching raw meat/poultry.
Work surfaces, chopping boards and equipments should be thoroughly cleaned before the preparing of
food starts and after it has been used.
Separate chopping boards and knives for raw fruit/ vegetables/ meat/poultry and ready-to-eat food
should be used.
Raw meat/poultry below ready-to-eat food should be kept in the fridge.
Separate fridge for raw meat/poultry should be kept.
Staff should be made aware how to avoid cross-contamination.
III. PERSONAL HYGIENE
1. High standards of personal hygiene should be maintained.
2. All employees handling food should wash their hands properly:
before preparing food
after touching raw food or materials, specially meat/poultry or eggs
116 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
after using the toilet
after cleaning the raw materials or utensils / equipments
3. Street shoes inside the food preparation area should not be worn while handling & preparing food.
4. Food handlers should ensure careful food handling & protect food from environmental exposure.
5. Food handlesr should not handle soiled currency notes to avoid cross contamination.
IV. TRANSPORTATION AND HANDLING OF FOOD
(1) The vehicle/transportation being used to carry cooked/prepared/processed food should be clean and, dedicated
for this purpose and should not carry anything else.
(2) Time required for transportation should be minimum, to avoid microbial proliferation.
(3) Cooked food served hot should be kept at a temperature of at least 600 C to prevent microbial growth.
(4) Cooked food to be served cold should be kept below 50 C to prevent growth of pathogens.
(5) All foods during transportation must be kept covered and in such a way as to limit pathogen growth or toxin
formation by controlling time of transportation, exposure, temperature control and using safe water for cleaning etc.
(7) Handling of food should be minimal. It should be ensured that utensils, crockery, cutlery and specially hands of
the food handlers/seller are clean and sanitized.
(8) All surplus food and unused thawed food should be discarded.
(9) Food to be kept for cold storage should be distributed in small volumes to ensure uniform cooling.
(10) Dry, fermented and acidified foods should be stored in cool and dry place.
(11) All packaged food viz. sterilized milk, bottled beverages, canned foods etc. should be stored properly during
transportation to ensure that seals remain intact and undamaged.
1. It is very important to store food properly for the purpose of food safety. Following things must be ensured:
Foods should be cooked, stored and kept at right temperature
Raw meat/poultry should be stored separately from other foods
Veg. foods should always be stored above non-veg. foods and cooked foods above uncooked foods on
separate racks in the refrigerator.
Storage temperature of frozen food should be -18oC or below.
Cooked food to be eaten later should be cooled quickly, and kept it in the refrigerator - It is advisable to
put date on food packages or containers, using stickers or any other way of identification , before
keeping inside the refrigerator to keep track of food prepared date wise and use accordingly to minimise
Storage instructions over food packaging should be followed.
Dried foods (such as grains and pulses) should be stored off the floor, ideally in sealable containers, to
allow proper cleaning and protection from pests.
The rule for stock rotation is FIFO (first in, first out) to make sure that older food is used first. This will help to
VI. SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR HIGH RISK FOODS
This section deals selectively with varieties of food which are high risk as per HACCP and may need special
attention. The type of foods covered here are as follows:
1. Cut fruits/salads, fresh juices and beverages
¹Hkkx III—[k.M 4º Hkkjr dk jkti=k % vlk/kj.k 117
(1) Fresh fruits /vegetables cut or juiced should be used immediately; however, short storage should be only
under refrigeration in sanitized and properly covered vessels.
(2) Water used in beverages should be potable.
(3) Ice used should be made of potable water only.
(4) Food or beverages should not be stored in the same container used to store the ice intended for consumption.
(5) Juice concentrates must be checked regularly for any fungal growth / change of colour, odour or gas
formation in the bottle.
(6) Juice dispensing machine should be cleaned and rinsed with water regularly.
2. Confectionery products
(1) Prepared confectionery products should be kept in airtight containers and displayed hygienically.
(2) Cream to be used should be stored covered under refrigeration.
(3) Finished products should be refrigerated with proper labels indicating date of expiry.
(4) Products should be properly wrapped/ packaged after proper cooling.
3. Meat, poultry & fish products
(1) Non veg. products/raw materials should be purchased (chilled products temperature should be at 50C or
below and frozen products at -18 deg C or below) from authorized/ licensed slaughter houses/vendors.
(2) Processing area should be cleaned and disinfected promptly.
(3) Preparation and processing of meat, poultry and marine products should be separate.
(4) Non-veg. products are washed with potable water before use.
(5) Non-veg. products are cooked thoroughly (core temperature 750 C) for at least 15 seconds or an effective
time/temperature control e.g. 65 0C for 10 minutes, 70 0C for 2 minutes.
(6) Non-veg. products should be stored covered in refrigerator below the veg. products.
(7) Raw and cooked products should be stored physically separated with cooked products at the top.
(8) All refuse/waste should be promptly removed from preparation area.
4. Water based chutneys, sauces etc.
(1) All fruits/vegetables should be washed properly before processing.
(2) Clean and disinfected chopping boards/grinding stone/machine should be used.
(3) Personal hygiene of food handlers need to be ensured.
(4) Water used in the chutneys should be safe and potable.
(5) Only permitted food additives should be used, if required, and be added in recommended quantities only.
(6) Spoiled products should be discarded immediately after confirmation of spoilage (change in colour/
(7) Sauces and chutneys should be stored in glass/food grade plastic containers with proper lids.
(8) Clean and intact containers should be used for storing sauces and chutneys.
(9) Sauces and chutneys should be stored in refrigerator when not in use.
(10) Perishable/uncooked chutneys should be consumed immediately.
5. Foods transported to point of sale from the point of cooking
(1) Food should be reheated more than 740 C before consumption.
(2) Food should be consumed or served for consumption within 4 hours of reheating.
6. Foods with Gravy
(1) Food products should not be stored at room temperature for more than 2 hours during display or sale.
118 THE GAZETTE OF INDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PART III—SEC. 4]
(2) For prolonged storage, foods should be stored in refrigerators or kept for hot holding at or above 60°C.
(3) No water should be added after cooking/reheating/boiling.
7. Fried Foods
(1) Good quality / branded oils/fats should be used for food preparation, frying etc.
(2) Use packaged oil only.
(3) Use of oils with high trans fats (like vanaspati) should be avoided as far as possible.
(4) Re-heating and reuse of oil should be avoided as far as possible. Avoid using leftover oil wherever
8. Adding ingredients after cooking
(1) Ingredients added to the cooked food should be thoroughly washed/ cleaned.
(2) After cooking or post cooked mixing, the food should be used immediately.
(3) Garnishes etc., if added, should be prepared using fresh, thoroughly washed and freshly cut vegetables
and used immediately.
Reuse of cooked food is not recommended.
Potentially hazardous foods and high risk foods such as hollandaise sauce, refried beans, scrambled
eggs and cut fruits are to be discarded.
All food at banquet setting that has been on display are to be discarded.
Food kept at more than 60°C during service may be reused, only by following the procedure indicated
never mix leftover with fresh product. If in doubt, throw out the product.
Reheat leftover food temperature to more than74°C
9. Thawing of Frozen Products.
Items being thawed should be labelled with defrost date to indicate the beginning of 2nd shelf life.
Thaw food at 5°C or less.
Temperature controlled thawing is recommended for meat, poultry and fish.
Any other means of thawing apart from running water and microwave is not allowed.
Thawing In Running Water
Items being thawed should be labelled with date and time.
Thawing in running water advisable shellfish and seafood.
Thawing in running water should not exceed 90 minutes.
Ensure air break between tap and water.
Use sanitized food grade container.
Sink must not be used for other purposes during thawing
After thawing, product must be used within 12 hours.
Cold running water (from mains) should be at 15°C or less
Chief Executive Officer