REPORT of The Justice MUKHERJEE COMMISSION of Inquiry on the alleged disappearance of NETAJI Subhas Chandra Bose.
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The Justice Mukherjee Commission of Inquiry into the alleged disappearance of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, shortened as the Mukherjee Commission, was one-man board instituted in 1999 to inquire into the controversy surrounding the death of Subhas Chandra Bose in 1945. Justice Manoj Mukherjee, a retired judge of the Supreme Court of India, was appointed to lead the inquiry. After a 7 year inquiry, Mukherjee's findings that Bose did not die in the plane crash were rejected by the government.
On 30 April 1998, the High Court of Calcutta ordered the then BJP-led Government to "launch a vigorous inquiry as a special case for the purpose of giving an end to the controversy".
The Mukherjee Commission is not the first commission created to ascertain the death of Subhas Chandra Bose. The two previous commissions were the Shah Nawaz Committee (appointed by Jawaharlal Nehru) and Khosla Commission respectively. The Khosla Commission, created by the government of Indira Gandhi, reported that all documents relating to Subhas Chandra Bose were either missing or destroyed.
The Mukherjee Commission concluded that while Bose was presumed dead given the many years that had passed, he did not die in the plane crash in Taipei in 1945. Instead the commission proposed that the crash was a ruse to allow Bose to escape with the knowledge of the Taiwan and Japanese governments of the time. The Indian government was said to have learned of the escape through a Taiwanese report in 1956, which it chose to suppress. According to the commission the ashes kept in Tokyo's Renkōji Temple that are commonly believed to be Bose's, instead were the remains of Ichiro Okura, a Taiwanese army-man who died in August 1945. The commission did not find any evidence that Bhagwanji, a monk who lived in Faridabad until his death in 1985, was in fact Bose in disguise.
Clipping from Japanese newspaper, published on 23 August 1945, reporting the death of Bose and General Tsunamasa Shidei of the Japanese Kwantung Army in Japanese-occupied Manchuria.