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It is relevant to note an anomaly here that circulation alone cannot be considered as parameter of quality of newspaper. Impartial, professional newspapers may also have smaller circulations based on geography, reader class and language.
 HistoryJames Augustus Hickey is considered as the "father of Indian press" as he started the first Indian newspaper from Calcutta, the Calcutta General Advertiser or the Bengal Gazette in January, 1780. In 1789, the first newspaper from Bombay, the Bombay Herald appeared, followed by the Bombay Courier next year (this newspaper was later amalgamated with the Times of India in 1861).
The first newspaper in an Indian language was the Samachar Darpan in Bengali. The first issue of this daily was published from the Serampore Mission Press on May 23, 1818. In the same year, Ganga Kishore Bhattacharya started publishing another newspaper in Bengali, the Bengal Gazette. On July 1, 1822 the first Gujarati newspaper the Bombay Samachar was published from Bombay, and is still being published. The first Hindi newspaper, the Oodunt Marthand began in 1826. Since then, the prominent Indian languages in which papers have grown over the years are Hindi, Marathi, Malayalam, Kannada, Tamil, Telugu, Oriya, Assamese, Urdu and Bengali.
The Indian language papers have taken over the English press as per the latest NRS survey of newspapers. The reason being the growing literacy rate. Increase in the literacy rate has direct positive effect on the rise of circulation of the regional papers. The people are first educated in their mother tongue as per their state in which they live for e.g. students in Maharashtra are compulsory taught Marathi language and hence they are educated in their state language and the first thing a literate person does is read papers and gain knowledge and hence higher the literacy rate in a state the sales of the dominating regional paper in that state rises.
The next reason being localisation of news. Indian regional papers have several editions for a particular State for complete localisation of news for the reader to connect with the paper. Malayala Manorama has about 10 editions in Kerala itself and five outside Kerala and two abroad (Bahrain and Dubai). Thus regional papers aim at providing localised news for their readers. Even Advertisers saw the huge potential of the regional paper market, partly due to their own research and more due to the efforts of the regional papers to make the advertisers aware of the huge market.
 MetricsNewspapers in India are measured on two parameters, circulation and readership.
 CirculationCirculation is certified by the Audit Bureau of Circulations which is an industry body. It audits the paid-for circulation of the member newspaper companies.
 List of newspapers by circulationThe figures were released recently by Indian Readership Survey conducted by the Media Research Users Council (MRUC).
Here is the run-down on the numbers: Top 15 Newspapers in India
- Sr. No Newspaper Name Readership numbers
- 1 Dainik Jagran 54,254,000
- 2 Dainik Bhasker 33,432,000
- 3 Hindustan (local) 29,411,000
- 4 Amar Ujala 28,720,000
- 5 Lokmat 23,276,000
- 6 Daily Thanti 20,305,000
- 7 Dinakaran 16,741,000
- 8 Ananda Bazar Patrika 15,318,000
- 9 Eenadu 14,726,000
- 10 Rajasthan Patrika 14,205,000
- 11 The Times of India 13,447,000
- 12 Hindustan Times 6,254,000
- 13 The Hindu 5,140,000
- 14 The Telegraph 2,877,000
- 15 Deccan Chronicle 2,816,000
This is a list of the top 30 newspapers in India by daily circulation for the six month period ended 2008. These figures are compiled by the Audit Bureau of Circulations.
|1||Times of India||English||Various cities and states||3.146||Owned by Bennett, Coleman and Co. Ltd.|
|2||Dainik Jagran |
|Hindi||Various cities and states||2.168||Owned by Jagaran Prakashan Ltd|
|3||Eenadu||Telugu||Various cities and states||1.613||Owned by Ramoji Group|
|4||Malayala Manorama||Malayalam||10 cities in Kerala, Bangalore, Mangalore, Chennai, Mumbai, Delhi, Dubai, and Bahrain||1.514||Owned by Malayala Manorama Group|
|5||The Hindu||English||Various cities and states||1.360||Founded in 1878, owned by Kasturi & Sons Ltd., exposed the Bofors scandal|
|6||Deccan Chronicle||English||Various cities and states||1.349||Owns Deccan Chargers franchise of the Indian Premier League|
|7||Ananda Bazar Patrika |
|Bengali||Kolkata, West Bengal||1.277||Owned by Ananda Publishers|
|8||Amar Ujala |
|Hindi||Various cities and states||1.230||Mainly prominent in the Hindi heartland|
|9||Dainik Bhaskar |
|Hindi||Various cities and states||1.147||Also published as the Divya Bhaskar in Gujarat|
|10||Hindustan Times||English||Various cities and states||1.143||Owned by HT Media Ltd|
|Hindi||Various cities and states||1.142||Hindi extension of the Hindustan Times|
|Malayalam||10 Cities in Kerala, Chennai, Bangalore, Mumbai, and New Delhi||1.077||Owned by The Mathrubhumi Group|
|13||Gujarat Samachar |
|Gujarati||Ahmedabad, Gujarat||1.051||Owned by Lok Prakashan Ltd.|
|14||Punjab Kesari |
|Hindi||States of Punjab, Harayana||.902||Founder Jagat Narain was assassinated by Sikh militants on September 9, 1981|
|Tamil||Various cities in Tamil Nadu and a few other cities||.901||Bought out by SUN TV group in 2005|
|Marathi||Various cities in Maharashtra||.879||Launched English version Sakaal Times in 2008|
|17||Dina Thanthi |
|Tamil||Various cities in Tamil Nadu and a few other cities||.854||Founded by S. P. Adithanar|
|18||Divya Bhaskar |
|Gujarati||Ahmedabad, Gujarat||.840||Gujarati version of the Dainik Bhaskar|
|Hindi||Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh||.748|
|20||Financial Chronicle||English||Various cities and states||Unknown||Owned by Deccan chronicle holdings Ltd.|
|21||Economic Times||English||Various cities and states||.651||Owned by Bennett, Coleman and Co. Ltd.|
|22||The Telegraph||English||Various cities and states||.465||Owned by Ananda Publishers|
|Kannada||Karnataka||.364||Owned by Prajavani|
|24||The New Indian Express||English||Various cities and states||.309||Owned by Express Publications Ltd.|
|25||Deccan Herald||English||Various cities and states||.214||Owned by The Printers|
|Kannada||Karnataka||.185||Owned by Udayavani|
|27||The Statesman||English||Various cities and states||.172||Owned by The Statesman Ltd.|
|28||The Hindu Business Line||English||Various cities and states||.163||Owned by Kasturi & Sons Ltd.|
|29||Business Standard||English||Various cities and states||.144||Owned by Business Standard Ltd. (BSL)|
 See also
- "Newspapers are not a sunset industry in India," says Jacob Mathew of Malayala Manorama
- List of newspapers
- List of newspapers in India
- Newspaper circulation
- List of newspapers in the World by circulation
- ^ Capitalism, Politics and the Indian Language Press India's Newspaper Revolution - Robin Jeffry
- ^ http://trak.in/tags/business/2010/05/06/top-15-newspapers-india/
- ^ "Audit Bureau of Circulation". Retrieved 2011-07-18.